Sri Aurobindo idézet

Sri Aurobindo fénykép
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Sri Aurobindo

Születési dátum: 15. augusztus 1872
Halál dátuma: 5. december 1950

Sri Aurobindo , születési neve Aurobindo Ghosh vagy Ghose , indiai hazafi, szabadságharcos, filozófus, jógi, guru, és költő. Csatlakozott a brit uralom elleni indiai szabadságmozgalomhoz, amelynek az egyik befolyásos vezetőjévé vált. Később spirituális reformer lett, és megfogalmazta az emberi fejlődéssel és a spirituális evolúcióval kapcsolatos nézeteit.Aurobindo indiai közszolgálati ösztöndíjjal a Cambridge-i Egyetemen végezte tanulmányait. Visszatérve Indiába, különböző közszolgálati feladatokat látott el Baroda Maharadzsája számára, és kezdett belekapcsolódni a politikába is. 1908-ban a brit uralom ellen íródott cikkei miatt bebörtönözték - ahol misztikus és spirituális tapasztalatokat élt át -, majd bizonyíték hiányában szabadon bocsátották. Ezt követően Pondicherry-be ment, véglegesen feladta a politikát, és kizárólag spirituális tevékenységet folytatott.Pondicherry-ben Aurobindo egy új spirituális gyakorlati módszert fejlesztett ki, amelyet Integrált jógának nevezett el. Koncepciójának központi témája az emberi életnek az isteni életbe való evolúciója volt. Egy olyan spirituális megvalósításban hitt, amely nem csak megszabadította az embert, hanem át is alakította annak természetét, ezzel lehetővé téve az isteni életet a földön. 1926-ban spirituális munkatársa, Mira Alfassa segítségével megalapította a Sri Aurobindo Asramot. 1950. december 5-én hunyt el. Aurobindo egyike volt az első indiaiknak, akik angolul hoztak létre egy irodalmi életművet.Fő művei: Az Isteni Élet, amely az Integrált jóga elméleti aspektusaival foglalkozik; A Jóga Szintézise, amely gyakorlati útmutatást nyújt az Integrált jógához; és epikus költeménye, a Mahábhárata egyik epizódját feldolgozó, Szávitrí amelyben a szereplők az életükben megvalósítják az Integrált jógát. Egyéb főbb művei közt megtalálhatók még a Védák, az Upanisadok és a Gíta fordításai és a hozzájuk fűzött kommentárjai, és a társadalom spirituális fejlődésével foglalkozó művek.

Idézetek Sri Aurobindo

„Isten gyermekei vagyunk, és olyanná is kell válnunk, mint Ő Maga.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

Eredeti: We are sons of God, and must be even as He. szöveg (angolul) https://books.google.de/books?id=71RXCaLDTbAC&pg=PA25&lpg=PA25&dq=We+are+sons+of+God,+and+must+be+even+as+He.+aurobindo&source=bl&ots=5MZig8JUth&sig=m3Q8f6G_RyaLBS79ZHBqW6TyDg8&hl=hu&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj60vvp8YbaAhWDJlAKHZ_QCPIQ6AEIMjAB#v=onepage&q=We%20are%20sons%20of%20God%2C%20and%20must%20be%20even%20as%20He.%20aurobindo&f=falseTeljes

„Spirituality is indeed the master key of the Indian mind; the sense of the infinite is native to it.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

The Renaissance in India (1918)
Kontextus: Spirituality is indeed the master key of the Indian mind; the sense of the infinite is native to it. India saw from the beginning, — and, even in her ages of reason and her age of increasing ignorance, she never lost hold of the insight, — that life cannot be rightly seen in the sole light, cannot be perfectly lived in the sole power of its externalities. She was alive to the greatness of material laws and forces; she had a keen eye for the importance of the physical sciences; she knew how to organize the arts of ordinary life. But she saw that the physical does not get its full sense until it stands in right relation to the supra-physical; she saw that the complexity of the universe could not be explained in the present terms of man or seen by his superficial sight, that there were other powers behind, other powers within man himself of which he is normally unaware, that he is conscious only of a small part of himself, that the invisible always surrounds the visible, the supra-sensible the sensible, even as infinity always surrounds the finite. She saw too that man has the power of exceeding himself, of becoming himself more entirely and profoundly than he is, — truths which have only recently begun to be seen in Europe and seem even now too great for its common intelligence.
She saw the myriad gods, and beyond God his own ineffable eternity; she saw that there were ranges of life beyond our present life, ranges of mind beyond our present mind and above these she saw the splendors of the spirit. Then with that calm audacity of her intuition which knew no fear or littleness and shrank from no act whether of spiritual or intellectual, ethical or vital courage, she declared that there was none of these things which man could not attain if he trained his will and knowledge; he could conquer these ranges of mind, become the spirit, become a god, become one with God, become the ineffable Brahman.

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„It is the nature of human institutions to degenerate, to lose their vitality, and decay, and the first sign of decay is the loss of flexibility and oblivion of the essential spirit in which they were conceived.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

22 September 1907
India's Rebirth
Kontextus: It is the nature of human institutions to degenerate, to lose their vitality, and decay, and the first sign of decay is the loss of flexibility and oblivion of the essential spirit in which they were conceived. The spirit is permanent, the body changes; and a body which refuses to change must die. The spirit expresses itself in many ways while itself remaining essentially the same but the body must change to suit its changing environments if it wishes to live. There is no doubt that the institution of caste degenerated. It ceased to be determined by spiritual qualifications which, once essential, have now come to be subordinate and even immaterial and is determined by the purely material tests of occupation and birth. By this change it has set itself against the fundamental tendency of Hinduism which is to insist on the spiritual and subordinate the material and thus lost most of its meaning. The spirit of caste arrogance, exclusiveness and superiority came to dominate it instead of the spirit of duty, and the change weakened the nation and helped to reduce us to our present conditions.

„If the will is fixed on the purpose it sets itself to accomplish, then circumstances will suggest the right course; but the schemer finds himself always tripped up by the unexpected.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

22 February 1908
India's Rebirth
Kontextus: Whatever plans we may make, we shall find quite useless when the time for action comes. Revolutions are always full of surprises, and whoever thinks he can play chess with a revolution will soon find how terrible is the grasp of God and how insignificant the human reason before the whirlwind of His breath. That man only is likely to dominate the chances of a Revolution, who makes no plans but preserves his heart pure for the will of God to declare itself. The great rule of life is to have no schemes but one unalterable purpose. If the will is fixed on the purpose it sets itself to accomplish, then circumstances will suggest the right course; but the schemer finds himself always tripped up by the unexpected.

„They are periods when the wisdom of the wise is confounded and the prudence of the prudent turned into a laughing-stock….“

—  Sri Aurobindo

Bande Mataram, 16 April 1907
India's Rebirth
Kontextus: There are periods in the history of the world when the unseen Power that guides its destinies seems to be filled with a consuming passion for change and a strong impatience of the old. The Great Mother, the Adya Shakti, has resolved to take the nations into Her hand and shape them anew. These are periods of rapid destruction and energetic creation, filled with the sound of cannon and the trampling of armies, the crash of great downfalls, and the turmoil of swift and violent revolutions; the world is thrown into the smelting pot and comes out in a new shape and with new features. They are periods when the wisdom of the wise is confounded and the prudence of the prudent turned into a laughing-stock....

„There are periods in the history of the world when the unseen Power that guides its destinies seems to be filled with a consuming passion for change and a strong impatience of the old. The Great Mother, the Adya Shakti, has resolved to take the nations into Her hand and shape them anew.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

Bande Mataram, 16 April 1907
India's Rebirth
Kontextus: There are periods in the history of the world when the unseen Power that guides its destinies seems to be filled with a consuming passion for change and a strong impatience of the old. The Great Mother, the Adya Shakti, has resolved to take the nations into Her hand and shape them anew. These are periods of rapid destruction and energetic creation, filled with the sound of cannon and the trampling of armies, the crash of great downfalls, and the turmoil of swift and violent revolutions; the world is thrown into the smelting pot and comes out in a new shape and with new features. They are periods when the wisdom of the wise is confounded and the prudence of the prudent turned into a laughing-stock....

„The aggressive and quite illogical idea of a single religion for all mankind, a religion universal by the very force of its narrowness, one set of dogmas, one cult, one system of ceremonies, one ecclesiastical ordinance, one array of prohibitions and injunctions which all minds must accept on peril of persecution by men and spiritual rejection or eternal punishment by God, that grotesque creation of human unreason which has been the parent of so much intolerance, cruelty and obscurantism and aggressive fanaticism, has never been able to take firm hold of the Indian mentality.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

From an essay in A Defense of Indian Culture, as quoted in The Vision of India (1949) by Sisirkumar Mitra
Kontextus: Spirituality is the master key of the Indian mind. It is this dominant inclination of India which gives character to all the expressions of her culture. In fact, they have grown out of her inborn spiritual tendency of which her religion is a natural out flowering. The Indian mind has always realized that the Supreme is the Infinite and perceived that to the soul in Nature the Infinite must always present itself in an infinite variety of aspects. The aggressive and quite illogical idea of a single religion for all mankind, a religion universal by the very force of its narrowness, one set of dogmas, one cult, one system of ceremonies, one ecclesiastical ordinance, one array of prohibitions and injunctions which all minds must accept on peril of persecution by men and spiritual rejection or eternal punishment by God, that grotesque creation of human unreason which has been the parent of so much intolerance, cruelty and obscurantism and aggressive fanaticism, has never been able to take firm hold of the Indian mentality.

„Insensibly somewhere a breach began“

—  Sri Aurobindo, könyv Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol

Savitri (1918-1950), Book One : The Book Of Beginnings
Kontextus: Insensibly somewhere a breach began:
A long lone line of hesitating hue
Like a vague smile tempting a desert heart
Troubled the far rim of life's obscure sleep.
Arrived from the other side of boundlessness
An eye of deity peered through the dumb deeps;
A scout in a reconnaissance from the sun,
It seemed amid a heavy cosmic rest,
The torpor of a sick and weary world,
To seek for a spirit sole and desolate
Too fallen to recollect forgotten bliss.

„Into the little room of mortal life.“

—  Sri Aurobindo, könyv Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol

Savitri (1918-1950), Book Three : The Book of the Divine Mother
Kontextus: I saw the Omnipotent's flaming pioneers
Over the heavenly verge which turns towards life
Come crowding down the amber stairs of birth;
Forerunners of a divine multitude,
Out of the paths of the morning star they came
Into the little room of mortal life.
I saw them cross the twilight of an age,
The sun-eyed children of a marvellous dawn,
The great creators with wide brows of calm,
The massive barrier-breakers of the world
And wrestlers with destiny in her lists of will,
The labourers in the quarries of the gods,
The messengers of the Incommunicable,
The architects of immortality.

„That which we call the Hindu religion is really the eternal religion, because it is the universal religion which embraces all others. If a religion is not universal, it cannot be eternal. A narrow religion, a sectarian religion, an exclusive religion can live only for a limited time and a limited purpose.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

The Uttarpara Address (1909)
Kontextus: That which we call the Hindu religion is really the eternal religion, because it is the universal religion which embraces all others. If a religion is not universal, it cannot be eternal. A narrow religion, a sectarian religion, an exclusive religion can live only for a limited time and a limited purpose. This is the one religion that can triumph over materialism by including and anticipating the discoveries of science and the speculations of philosophy. It is the one religion which impresses on mankind the closeness of God to us and embraces in its compass all the possible means by which man can approach God. It is the one religion which insists every moment on the truth which all religions acknowledge that He is in all men and all things and that in Him we move and have our being. It is the one religion which enables us not only to understand and believe this truth but to realise it with every part of our being. It is the one religion which shows the world what the world is, that it is the Lila of Vasudeva. It is the one religion which shows us how we can best play our part in that Lila, its subtlest laws and its noblest rules. It is the one religion which does not separate life in any smallest detail from religion, which knows what immortality is and has utterly removed from us the reality of death.

„There are no true and false religions, but rather all religions are true in their own way and degree. Each is one of the thousand paths to the One Eternal.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

Indian Spirituality and Life (1919)
Kontextus: To the Indian mind the least important part of religion is its dogma; the religious spirit matters, not the theological credo. On the contrary to the Western mind a fixed intellectual belief is the most important part of a cult; it is its core of meaning, it is the thing that distinguishes it from others. For it is its formulated beliefs that make it either a true or a false religion, according as it agrees or does not agree with the credo of its critic. This notion, however foolish and shallow, is a necessary consequence of the Western idea which falsely supposes that intellectual truth is the highest verity and, even, that there is no other. The Indian religious thinker knows that all the highest eternal verities are truths of the spirit. The supreme truths are neither the rigid conclusions of logical reasoning nor the affirmations of credal statement, but fruits of the soul's inner experience. Intellectual truth is only one of the doors to the outer precincts of the temple. And since intellectual truth turned towards the Infinite must be in its very nature many-sided and not narrowly one, the most varying intellectual beliefs can be equally true because they mirror different facets of the Infinite. However separated by intellectual distance, they still form so many side-entrances which admit the mind to some faint ray from a supreme Light. There are no true and false religions, but rather all religions are true in their own way and degree. Each is one of the thousand paths to the One Eternal.

„Whatever plans we may make, we shall find quite useless when the time for action comes. Revolutions are always full of surprises, and whoever thinks he can play chess with a revolution will soon find how terrible is the grasp of God and how insignificant the human reason before the whirlwind of His breath.“

—  Sri Aurobindo

22 February 1908
India's Rebirth
Kontextus: Whatever plans we may make, we shall find quite useless when the time for action comes. Revolutions are always full of surprises, and whoever thinks he can play chess with a revolution will soon find how terrible is the grasp of God and how insignificant the human reason before the whirlwind of His breath. That man only is likely to dominate the chances of a Revolution, who makes no plans but preserves his heart pure for the will of God to declare itself. The great rule of life is to have no schemes but one unalterable purpose. If the will is fixed on the purpose it sets itself to accomplish, then circumstances will suggest the right course; but the schemer finds himself always tripped up by the unexpected.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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