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Ennius

Date de naissance: 16. juillet 239 av. J.-C.
Date de décès: 8. octobre 169 av. J.-C.

Quintus Ennius est né en 239 av. J.-C. à Rudiae, en Messapie , et mort en 169 av. J.-C.. C'est un auteur de l’époque de la République romaine. On le considère comme le « père de la poésie latine ». Bien que seuls des fragments de son œuvre nous aient été conservés , son influence sur la littérature latine fut importante.

Citations Ennius

„There is no fellowship inviolate,
no faith is kept, when kingship is concerned.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis Book I, Chapter VIII - translation by Walter Miller
Variant translation: To kingship belongs neither sacred fellowship nor faith.
Original: (la) Nulla sancta societas
Nec fides regni est.

„Who kindly sets a wand'rer on his way
Does e'en as if he lit another's lamp by his:
No less shines his, when he his friend's hath lit.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis, Book I, Chapter XVI - translation by Walter Miller
Original: (la) Homo qui erranti comiter monstrat viam,
Quasi lumen de suo lumine accendat facit;
Nihilo minus ipsi lucet, cum illi accenderit.

„Neither you nor any man alive shall do this unpunished: no, you shall give recompense to me with your life-blood.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia; Book VI, Chapter I
Compare: Tu tamen interea calido mihi sanguine poenas persolves amborum, Virgil, Aeneid, Book IX, line 422
Original: (la) Nec pol homo quisquam faciet inpune animatus
hoc nec tu; nam mi calido dabis sanguine poenas.

„No sooner said than done—so acts your man of worth.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Priscianus in Ars Prisciani, Book VI
Original: (la) Dictum factumque facit frux.

„The mind wanders unsure, except in that life is lived.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Aulus Gellius in Noctes Atticae (Attic Nights), Book XIX, Chapter X
Iphigenia
Original: (la) Incerte errat animus; praeterpropter vitam vivitur.

„One man, by delaying, restored the state to us.
He valued safety more than mob's applause;
Hence now his glory more resplendent grows.“

—  Ennius

Of Fabius Maximus Cunctator, as quoted by Cicero in De Senectute, Chapter IV (Loeb translation)
Original: (la) Unus homo nobis cunctando restituit rem.
Noenum rumores ponebat ante salutem;
Ergo plusque magisque viri nunc gloria claret.

„where the Gauls stealthily, at the time of night when sleep falls on men, attacked the high citadel and of a sudden stained with blood walls and watchers.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia, Book I, Chapter IV (tr. J. Elliott)
Original: (la) Qua Galli furtim noctu summa arcis adorti
moenia concubia vigilesque repente cruentant.

„The ape, vilest of beasts, how like to us!“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Natura Deorum, Book I, Chapter XXXV
Variant translation: How like us is that ugly brute, the ape!
Original: (la) Simia quam similis turpissima bestia nobis!

„He who has conquered is not conqueror
Unless the conquered one confesses it.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Marcus Servius Honoratus in In Vergilii carmina comentarii (Commentaries on the poems of Virgil), Book XI https://web.archive.org/web/20141219124307/http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0053%3Abook%3D11%3Acommline%3D306
Original: (la) Qui vincit non est victor nisi victus fatetur.

„Your minds that once did stand erect and strong,
What madness swerves them from their wonted course?“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Senectute, Chapter VI (Loeb translation)
Original: (la) Quo vobis mentes, rectae quae stare solebant
Antehac, dementis sese flexere viai?

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„Whom they fear, they hate. And whom one hates, one hopes to see him dead.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis, Book II, Chapter 23
Original: (la) Quem metuunt oderunt; quem quisque odit, perisse expetit.

„As a strong horse that has often won on the last lap at Olympia is now resting, tired out by old age.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Senectute, Chapter V (tr. K. Volk)
Original: (la) Sicut fortis equus, spatio qui saepe supremo
Vicit Olympia, nunc senio confectus quiescit.

„And earth who herself bestowed the body takes it back and wastes not a whit.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Varro in De Lingua Latina, Book V
Original: (la) Terram corpus quae dederit, ipsam
capere neque dispendi facere hilum.

„Not chaffering war but waging war, not with gold but with iron—thus let us of both sides make trial for our lives“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis, Book I, Chapter XII
Original: (la) Nec cauponantes bellum sed belligerantes;
Ferro non auro vitam cernamus utrique.

„Fortune is given to brave men.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia, Book VI, Chapter I
Original: (la) Fortibus est fortuna viris data.

„The idle mind knows not what it wants.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Aulus Gellius in Noctes Atticae (Attic Nights), Book XIX, Chapter X
Iphigenia
Original: (la) Otioso in otio animus nescit quid velit.

„A sure friend is known in unsure times.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Amicitia, Chapter XVII
Original: (la) Amicus certus in re incerta cernitur.

„No one regards what is before his feet; we all gaze at the stars.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Divinatione, Book II, Chapter XIII
Iphigenia
Original: (la) Quod est ante pedes nemo spectat, caeli scrutantur plagas.

„Whom none could overcome with iron or gold.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Re Publica, Book III, Chapter IV
Iron is a metonym for sword/warfare, and gold for money/bribery.
Original: (la) Quem nemo ferro potuit superare nec auro.

„Let no one pay me honor with tears, nor celebrate my funeral rites with weeping. Why? I fly, living, through the mouths of men.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in Tusculanae Disputationes, Book I, chapter XV, section 34
Original: (la) Nemo me lacrumis decoret neque funera fletu
faxit. Cur? volito vivos per ora virum.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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