Ali quotes

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Ali

Birthdate: 15. September 601
Date of death: 29. January 661

Ali was the cousin and the son-in-law of Muhammad, the last prophet of Islam. He ruled as the fourth caliph from 656 to 661, but is regarded as the rightful immediate successor to Muhammad as an Imam by Shia Muslims.

Born to Abu Talib and Fatimah bint Asad, Ali is the only person to be born in the sacred sanctuary of the Kaaba in Mecca, the holiest place in Islam. Ali was the first male who accepted Islam, and, according to some authors, the first Muslim. Ali protected Muhammad from an early age and took part in almost all the battles fought by the nascent Muslim community. After migrating to Medina, he married Muhammad's daughter Fatimah. He was appointed caliph by Muhammad's companions in 656, after Caliph Uthman ibn Affan was assassinated. Ali's reign saw civil wars and in 661, he was attacked and assassinated by a Kharijite while praying in the Great Mosque of Kufa, being martyred two days later.Ali is important to both Shias and Sunnis, politically and spiritually. The numerous biographical sources about Ali are often biased according to sectarian lines, but they agree that he was a pious Muslim, devoted to the cause of Islam and a just ruler in accordance with the Qur'an and the Sunnah. While Sunnis consider Ali the fourth and final of the Rashidun caliphs, Shia Muslims regard Ali as the first Imam after Muhammad due to their interpretation of the events at Ghadir Khumm. Shia Muslims also believe that Ali and the other Shia Imams are the rightful successors to Muhammad. It was this disagreement that split the ummah into the Shia and Sunni branches.

Works

„Oppression and tyranny are the worse companions for the Hereafter.“

—  Ali, book Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„Like your body your mind also gets tired so refresh it by wise sayings.“

—  Ali, book Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„The weakest man is the one who is able to correct his moral defects, but doesn't take action.“

—  Ali

Husayn al-Nuri al-Tabarsi, Mustadrak al-Wasā'il, vol. 11, p. 324

„Endurance is composed of four attributes: eagerness, fear, piety and anticipation (of death). so whoever is eager for Paradise will ignore temptations; whoever fears the fire of Hell will abstain from sins; whoever practices piety will easily bear the difficulties of life and whoever anticipates death will hasten towards good deeds.
Conviction has also four aspects to guard oneself against infatuations of sin; to search for explanation of truth through knowledge; to gain lessons from instructive things and to follow the precedent of the past people, because whoever wants to guard himself against vices and sins will have to search for the true causes of infatuation and the true ways of combating them out and to find those true ways one has to search them with the help of knowledge, whoever gets fully acquainted with various branches of knowledge will take lessons from life and whoever tries to take lessons from life is actually engaged in the study of the causes of rise and fall of previous civilizations.
Justice also has four aspects depth of understanding, profoundness of knowledge, fairness of judgment and dearness of mind; because whoever tries his best to understand a problem will have to study it, whoever has the practice of studying the subject he is to deal with, will develop a clear mind and will always come to correct decisions, whoever tries to achieve all this will have to develop ample patience and forbearance and whoever does this has done justice to the cause of religion and has led a life of good repute and fame.
Jihad is divided into four branches: to persuade people to be obedient to Allah; to prohibit them from sin and vice; to struggle (in the cause of Allah) sincerely and firmly on all occasions and to detest the vicious. Whoever persuades people to obey the orders of Allah provides strength to the believers; whoever dissuades them from vices and sins humiliates the unbelievers; whoever struggles on all occasions discharges all his obligations and whoever detests the vicious only for the sake of Allah, then Allah will take revenge on his enemies and will be pleased with Him on the Day of Judgment.“

—  Ali, book Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„When wisdom reaches the pinnacle of perfection, it will suppress the vicious instincts and injurious desires.“

—  Ali

Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol. 78, p. 6
Regarding Knowledge & Wisdom, Religious

„Do not feel ashamed to forgive and forget.“

—  Ali, book Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 53: An order to Malik Al-Ashtar
Variant: The best deed of a great man is to forgive and forget.

„Avarice dulls the faculties of judgment and wisdom.“

—  Ali, book Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„Aid (from Allah) is in proportion to the trouble.“

—  Ali, book Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„One of the conveniences in life is to have less children.“

—  Ali, book Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„One who forsakes truth earns eternal damnation.“

—  Ali, book Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„Two things cause people to be destroyed: fear of poverty and seeking superiority through pride.“

—  Ali

Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol. 72, p. 39

„The best companion and helper is admirable morals.“

—  Ali

Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol. 77, p. 149

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