Zulfikar Ali Bhutto cytaty

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Fotografia
10   0

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Data urodzenia: 5. Styczeń 1928
Data zgonu: 4. Kwiecień 1979

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto – pakistański polityk, prezydent Pakistanu w latach 1971–1973 i premier w latach 1973–1977. Ojciec Benazir Bhutto, dwukrotnej premier Pakistanu i założyciel Pakistańskiej Partii Ludowej . Bhutto wprowadził w Pakistanie na krótko demokrację parlamentarną, został jednak po kilku latach rządów obalony i skazany na śmierć w wyniku wojskowego zamachu stanu wspartego przez islamistów, władzę po nim przejął dowódca zamachu, generał Muhammad Zia ul-Haq.

Kształcił się w USC, Berkeley i na Oksfordzie. Do polityki wkroczył jako jeden z członków gabinetu Iskandera Mirzy, w 1958 roku został ministrem w wojskowym rządzie Ayub Khana. W 1963 roku został ministrem spraw zagranicznych, był on zwolennikiem odzyskania okupowanego przez Indie Kaszmiru a czasie jego kadencji rozegrała się wojna indyjsko-pakistańska z 1965 roku. Rozwijał on stosunki z krajami zachodu i działał w prozachodnich blokach państw Azji. Po umowie z Taszkentu zakończyła się wojna pakistańsko-indyjska, a Bhutto został usunięty z wojskowego rządu. W 1967 roku założył Pakistańską Partię Ludową. Wybory w 1967 roku wygrała Liga Awami reprezentująca interesy Pakistanu Wschodniego . Gdy wojskowi zakwestionowali wyniki wyborów, doszło do secesji Bangladeszu, który został wsparty przez Indie. Secesja Wschodu doprowadziła do kompromitacji rządzącej junty, a w grudniu 1971 roku prezydencja trafiła do Bhutto.

W lipcu 1972 roku Bhutto wynegocjował uwolnienie 93000 pakistańskich jeńców wojennych oraz 5000 mil kwadratowych terytorium Indii. W okresie jego prezydentury wzmocniono relację z Chinami i Arabią Saudyjską, uznano niepodległość Bangladeszu, a Pakistan stał się gospodarzem drugiego kongresu Organizacji Współpracy Islamskiej w 1974 roku. W 1973 roku Bhutto zatwierdził nową konstytucję, a nowym premierem kraju został Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry. W tym samym roku przeprowadził operację wojskową przeciwko separatystom beludżystańskim, dzięki czemu udało się zachować integralność terytorialną państwa. Bhutto odegrał również ważną rolę w inicjacji programu atomowego Pakistanu.

Partia Ludowa wygrała wybory w 1977 roku. Mimo zwycięstwa, sytuacja w kraju stawała się niestabilna, 5 lipca tego samego roku Bhutto został obalony przez wojsko na czele z Zia-ul-Haqem. W 1979 roku został on skazany na śmierć i stracony za rzekome dopuszczenie do zabójstwa przeciwnika politycznego. Polityką zajęła się też córka Zulfikara Ali, Benazir Bhutto i jej mąż Asif Ali Zardari .

Cytaty Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

„Jeśli córka Nehru mogła zostać premierem Indii, to dlaczego moja córka nie miałaby zostać premierem Pakistanu?“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Wojciech Jagielski, Benazir Bhutto: Ja bez władzy żyć nie mogę, wyborcza.pl, 10 listopada 2007 http://wyborcza.pl/1,86669,4659814.html

„Socjalizm islamski leży w moralnej tradycji islamu.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Barbara Wizimirska, Drogi kariery. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto i jego partnerzy: Indira Gandhi i Mujibur Rahman, op. cit., s. 13.

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Life is a love affair. There is a romance with every beauty of nature.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

pp 79 - 80.
Letter to his daughter (1978)
Kontekst: Life is a love affair. There is a romance with every beauty of nature. I have no hesitation in saving that my most passionate love affair, my most thrilling romance has been with the people. There is an indissoluble marriage between politics and the people. That is why "Man is a political animal" and the state a political theatre. I have been on this stage of the masters for over twenty tumultuous years. I believe I still have a role to play. I believe the people still want me on this stage, but if I have to bow out, I give you the gift of my feelings. You will fight the fight better than me. Your speeches will be more eloquent than my speeches. Your commitment equally total. There will be more youth and vitality in your struggle. Your deeds ill be more daring. I transmit to you the blessing to the most blessed mission. This is the only present I can give you on your birthdays.

„In etherial terms the whole world is beautiful. In physical terms I have rarely seen more scenic beauty than in California or in Texas. What pains me is to see how the blind power of that most powerful society is turning that beauty into something as sinister as the portrait of Dorian Grey.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 80
Kontekst: Africa will rid herself of the maniacs. Africa will live to show that "Black is beautiful". Africa is ancient but Asia is ageless. Her nimble and graceful beauty has adorned civilization from the birth of mankind. Latin America has become the castanet of an international culture that links Andalusia to Arabia and the Caribbean. What beauty there is in the tap of her flamenco! Europe is glamorous and adorable, so seductive that she is still beautiful after a number of face lifts. America has been watergated. In that flow of stagnant waters you can behold beauty in its reflection. In etherial terms the whole world is beautiful. In physical terms I have rarely seen more scenic beauty than in California or in Texas. What pains me is to see how the blind power of that most powerful society is turning that beauty into something as sinister as the portrait of Dorian Grey.

„What I write is full of infirmities.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 82.
Kontekst: What I write is full of infirmities. I have been in solitary confinement for twelve months and in a death cell for three months, deprived of all facilities. I have written much of this by resting the paper on my thigh in unbearable heat. I have no reference material or library, I have rarely seen the blue sky. The quotations are from the few books I was permitted to read and from the journals and newspapers you and your mother bring once a week during your visits to my suffocating cell. I am not making excuses for my deficiencies but it is very difficult to rely on a fading memory in such physical and mental conditions.
I am fifty years old and you are exactly half my age. By the time you reach my age, you must accomplish twice as much as I have achieved for the people.

„I would be the happiest man if the gloomy winter of mankind were to give way to a shaft of sunlight and to coloured flowers. The world is very beautiful.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 78 - 79
Kontekst: Earlier, I have cautioned you against an outright pragmatist approach. Now I am cautioning you against an outright populist approach. Sometimes a populist decision is, in the long run, not beneficial to the masses. Neither pragmatism nor populism are fundamental political and socio-economic doctrines. Nor do I say that you should play it by ear. I have made this melancholy analysis in anguish. My jail surroundings have not influenced my objectivity. I do not want to see the whole world in a death-cell merely because I am in a death cell. I do not say that the High Court has pronounced a death sentence on the world because a law court has pronounced a perverse death sentence on me. I would be the happiest man if the gloomy winter of mankind were to give way to a shaft of sunlight and to coloured flowers. The world is very beautiful. "A thing of beauty is a joy forever". There is the beauty of the landscape, of the tall mountain, the green plains, the humped deserts. There is the beauty of the flowers and the forests, of the azure oceans and the meandering rivers. There is the splendour of architecture, the magnificence of music, and the sparkle of the dance. Above all, there is the beauty of man and woman, the most perfect creations of God.

„There is the beauty of the flowers and the forests, of the azure oceans and the meandering rivers. There is the splendour of architecture, the magnificence of music, and the sparkle of the dance. Above all, there is the beauty of man and woman, the most perfect creations of God.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 78 - 79
Kontekst: Earlier, I have cautioned you against an outright pragmatist approach. Now I am cautioning you against an outright populist approach. Sometimes a populist decision is, in the long run, not beneficial to the masses. Neither pragmatism nor populism are fundamental political and socio-economic doctrines. Nor do I say that you should play it by ear. I have made this melancholy analysis in anguish. My jail surroundings have not influenced my objectivity. I do not want to see the whole world in a death-cell merely because I am in a death cell. I do not say that the High Court has pronounced a death sentence on the world because a law court has pronounced a perverse death sentence on me. I would be the happiest man if the gloomy winter of mankind were to give way to a shaft of sunlight and to coloured flowers. The world is very beautiful. "A thing of beauty is a joy forever". There is the beauty of the landscape, of the tall mountain, the green plains, the humped deserts. There is the beauty of the flowers and the forests, of the azure oceans and the meandering rivers. There is the splendour of architecture, the magnificence of music, and the sparkle of the dance. Above all, there is the beauty of man and woman, the most perfect creations of God.

„It would be bad politics to try and summarize a situation which is dynamic. Have faith in mankind and its mission.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 80.
Kontekst: It would be bad politics to try and summarize a situation which is dynamic. Have faith in mankind and its mission. God the Creator is the God of all mankind. God is omnipotent yet. The Creator of this World and the World after this one has imposed on Himself the obligation to be kind and forgiving. No tin-pot dictator of a palm-tree society is capable of imposing any such obligations on himself. On the contrary, he vainly boasts that he is answerable and accountable to nobody.

„The nation is gripped in her worst crisis, standing in the middle of the road between survival and disintegration. Since the birth of Pakistan, crisis has followed crisis in rapid escalation. Millions of lives were sacrificed to create this country.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 37.
Kontekst: This is not a letter on Pakistan. If it were, I could have written a small book entitled "Glimpses of Pakistan's history". Time does not permit it. The nation is gripped in her worst crisis, standing in the middle of the road between survival and disintegration. Since the birth of Pakistan, crisis has followed crisis in rapid escalation. Millions of lives were sacrificed to create this country. Pakistan is said to be the dream of Mohammad Iqbal and the creation of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Quaid-e-Azam. Was anything wrong with the dream or with the one who made the dream come true? Opinions have differed and continue to differ. The next few years will most probably decide the issue, perhaps once and for all, and not without bloodshed. This process is not inevitable but the present policies of the ruling junta are driving this country towards a sad inevitability

„If an unlearned adventurer in his quest for political power and perpetuation brings religion down from its celestial plane to a mundane level by converting it into a narrow political ideology, the adventurer endangers the link between God and man and man and man.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 80.
Kontekst: Religion is a link between God and man and man and man. Political ideology is a link between man and man. For this reason the great religions of the world like Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the last of all religions, have outlived and outlasted political ideologies. If an unlearned adventurer in his quest for political power and perpetuation brings religion down from its celestial plane to a mundane level by converting it into a narrow political ideology, the adventurer endangers the link between God and man and man and man.

„By progressive and powerful I do not mean the most dreaded. A dreaded society is not a civilized society. The most progressive and powerful society in the civilized sense, is a society which has recognized its ethos, and come to terms with the past and the present, with religion and science, with modernism and mysticism, with materialism and spirituality; a society free of tension, a society rich in culture. Such a society cannot come with hocus-pocus formulas and with fraud. It has to flow from the depth of a divine search.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 15.
Kontekst: What gift can I give you from this cell out of which my hand cannot pass? I give you the hand of the people. What celebration can I hold for you? I give you the celebration of a celebrated memory and a celebrated name. You are the heir to and inheritor of the most ancient civilization. Please make your full contribution to making this ancient civilization the most progressive and the most powerful. By progressive and powerful I do not mean the most dreaded. A dreaded society is not a civilized society. The most progressive and powerful society in the civilized sense, is a society which has recognized its ethos, and come to terms with the past and the present, with religion and science, with modernism and mysticism, with materialism and spirituality; a society free of tension, a society rich in culture. Such a society cannot come with hocus-pocus formulas and with fraud. It has to flow from the depth of a divine search. In other words, a classless society has to emerge but not necessarily a Marxist society. The Marxist society has created its own class structure.

„The theories, the dogmas and the scripts stand outside the gates of history. The dominant factor is the aspiration of the people and the ability to seek total identification with it.“

—  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Źródło: Letter to his daughter (1978), p. 15
Kontekst: You cannot be big unless you are prepared to kiss the ground. You cannot defend the soil unless you know the smell of that soil. I know the smell of our soil. I know the rhythm of our rivers. I know the beat of our drums. The theories, the dogmas and the scripts stand outside the gates of history. The dominant factor is the aspiration of the people and the ability to seek total identification with it. Once the significance of the symphony is grasped, the lines fall into place, the dogmas and theories get legs to move in time to the majesty of that music. This does not mean that I am preaching pragmatism. There is a lot of expediency in pragmatism. I am trying to trace the roots of the problems, the genesis of the challenges, the cause of the struggle.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Podobni autorzy

Charles de Gaulle Fotografia
Charles de Gaulle38
prezydent Francji
Salvador Allende Fotografia
Salvador Allende5
chilijski polityk
Margaret Thatcher Fotografia
Margaret Thatcher26
premier Wielkiej Brytanii
Clive Staples Lewis Fotografia
Clive Staples Lewis52
angielski pisarz, historyk, filozof i teolog
Maria Skłodowska-Curie Fotografia
Maria Skłodowska-Curie32
polsko-francuska uczona, fizyk, noblistka
Feliks Dzierżyński Fotografia
Feliks Dzierżyński24
polski i rosyjski działacz komunistyczny
Hermann Hesse Fotografia
Hermann Hesse40
prozaik, poeta i eseista niemiecki, noblista
Zsa Zsa Gabor Fotografia
Zsa Zsa Gabor13
aktorka amerykańska pochodzenia węgierskiego
Michał Bobrzyński Fotografia
Michał Bobrzyński1
polski historyk i polityk
Dzisiejsze rocznice
Arthur Conan Doyle Fotografia
Arthur Conan Doyle39
szkocki pisarz, lekarz, wolnomularz, spirytysta, czołowy pr… 1859 - 1930
Andrzej Krzycki Fotografia
Andrzej Krzycki1
poeta staropolski 1482 - 1537
Lion Feuchtwanger Fotografia
Lion Feuchtwanger4
niemiecki pisarz 1884 - 1958
Jan Lemański Fotografia
Jan Lemański7
polski poeta, satyryk i bajkopisarz 1866 - 1933
Następne dziesiejsze rocznice
Podobni autorzy
Charles de Gaulle Fotografia
Charles de Gaulle38
prezydent Francji
Salvador Allende Fotografia
Salvador Allende5
chilijski polityk
Margaret Thatcher Fotografia
Margaret Thatcher26
premier Wielkiej Brytanii
Clive Staples Lewis Fotografia
Clive Staples Lewis52
angielski pisarz, historyk, filozof i teolog
x