Źródło: Peter Benenson, Zapomniani więźniowie, „Gazeta Wyborcza”, 28-29 maja 2011.
John Dewey cytaty
Data urodzenia: 20. Październik 1859
Data zgonu: 1. Czerwiec 1952
John Dewey – amerykański filozof pragmatysta, pedagog, czołowy przedstawiciel amerykańskiego progresywizmu. Twórca koncepcji szkoły pracy w Chicago. Wykładał między innymi na uniwersytetach w Nowym Jorku na Uniwersytecie Columbia od 1904 oraz w Chicago.
Cytaty John Dewey
James Hinton, Philosophy and Religion: Selections from the Manuscripts of the Late James Hinton, ed. Caroline Haddon, (2nd ed., London: 1884), [//books.google.com/books?id=DpxRAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA267 p. 267].
Widely misattributed on the internet to Dewey, who actually attributes it to Hinton in Human Nature and Conduct: An Introduction to Social Psychology (New York: 1922), [//books.google.com/books?id=Ws0RAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA115 p. 115].
This is a paraphrase of an idea that Dewey expressed using other words in My Pedagogic Creed (1897) and Democracy and Education (1916); it is widely misattributed to Dewey as a quotation.
Cf. James William Norman, A Comparison of Tendencies in Secondary Education in England and the United States (New York: Teachers College, Columbia University, 1922), [//books.google.com/books?id=qrmgAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA140 p. 140] (emphasis added): "...there has for years been a strong and growing tendency in the United States under the leadership of Dewey, and more recently of Kilpatrick, to find an educational method correlative of democracy in society with the belief that education is life itself rather than a mere preparation for life, and that practice in democratic living is the best preparation for democracy."
Wariant: Education is a social process; education is growth; education is not preparation for life but is life itself.
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The Need of an Industrial Education in an Industrial Democracy (1916)
Kontekst: It is no accident that all democracies have put a high estimate upon education; that schooling has been their first care and enduring charge. Only through education can equality of opportunity be anything more than a phrase. Accidental inequalities of birth, wealth, and learning are always tending to restrict the opportunities of some as compared with those of others. Only free and continued education can counteract those forces which are always at work to restore, in however changed a form, feudal oligarchy. Democracy has to be born anew every generation, and education is its midwife.
The Quest for Certainty (1929), Ch. XI
Źródło: The Quest for Certainty: A Study of the Relation of Knowledge and Action
„Were all instructors to realize that the quality of mental process, not the production of correct answers, is the measure of educative growth something hardly less than a revolution in teaching would be worked.“
— John Dewey, książka Democracy and Education
Źródło: Democracy and Education