John Locke idézet

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John Locke

Születési dátum: 29. augusztus 1632
Halál dátuma: 28. október 1704

Ez a szócikk az angol filozófusról szól. A Lost című sorozat fiktív szereplőjéhez lásd a John Locke című szócikket.

John Locke angol filozófus, orvos és politikus. Az angol empirizmus, illetve a korai materializmus egyik fő képviselője, egyike azon gondolkodóknak, akik a tapasztalatot teszik meg a filozófia alapelvévé: minden tudás a tapasztalattól függ és annak ellenőrzése alatt áll.

Az államról, a vallási toleranciáról és a pedagógiáról vallott nézetei nagy befolyással voltak a felvilágosodásra és a politikai liberalizmusra. Ötvenes éveitől lett híres ember, de hírnevét végül filozófusként érdemelte ki, műveinek, elsősorban az 1689-ben megjelent Értekezés az emberi értelemről című munkájának a publikálása révén.

Életét két kérdés vizsgálatának szentelte: hogyan lehetséges, hogy az emberek bármit is tudni képesek, és hogyan kell megpróbálniuk élni? Azt szerette volna megmutatni, hogy az embernek a természetben elfoglalt helyének racionális megértése azt kívánja tőlünk, hogy keresztényként éljenek. Wikipedia

Idézetek John Locke

„The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation“

—  John Locke, könyv Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 145
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Kontextus: The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation, giving one another a fair silent hearing till they have quite done; and then answering them calmly, and without noise or passion. And if it be not so in this civiliz'd part of the world, we must impute it to a neglect in education, which has not yet reform'd this antient piece of barbarity amongst us.

„The old question will be asked in this matter of prerogative, But who shall be judge when this power is made a right use of? 1 answer: between an executive power in being, with such a prerogative, and a legislative that depends upon his will for their convening, there can be no judge on earth; as there can be none between the legislative and the people, should either the executive, or the legislative, when they have got the power in their hands, design, or go about to enslave or destroy them. The people have no other remedy in this, as in all other cases where they have no judge on earth, but to appeal to heaven: for the rulers, in such attempts, exercising a power the people never put into their hands, (who can never be supposed to consent that any body should rule over them for their harm) do that which they have not a right to do. And where the body of the people, or any single man, is deprived of their right, or is under the exercise of a power without right, and have no appeal on earth, then they have a liberty to appeal to heaven, whenever they judge the cause of sufficient moment. And therefore, though the people cannot be judge, so as to have, by the constitution of that society, any superior power, to determine and give effective sentence in the case; yet they have, by a law antecedent and paramount to all positive laws of men, reserved that ultimate determination to themselves which belongs to all mankind, where there lies no appeal on earth, viz. to judge, whether they have just cause to make their appeal to heaven. And this judgment they cannot part with, it being out of a man's power so to submit himself to another, as to give him a liberty to destroy him; God and nature never allowing a man so to abandon himself, as to neglect his own preservation: and since he cannot take away his own life, neither can he give another power to take it. Nor let any one think, this lays a perpetual foundation for disorder; for this operates not, till the inconveniency is so great, that the majority feel it, and are weary of it, and find a necessity to have it amended. But this the executive power, or wise princes, never need come in the danger of: and it is the thing, of all others, they have most need to avoid, as of all others the most perilous.“

—  John Locke, könyv Two Treatises of Government

Second Treatise of Government http://www.constitution.org/jl/2ndtr14.htm, Sec. 168
Two Treatises of Government (1689)

„That which is static and repetitive is boring. That which is dynamic and random is confusing. In between lies art.“

—  John Locke

This statement has been attributed to John A. Locke, but John Locke did not have a middle name. The words "dynamic," "boring" and "repetitive," found in this quote, were not yet in use in Locke's time. (See The Online Etymology Dictionary http://www.etymonline.com/abbr.php.) John A. Locke is listed on one site as having lived from 1899 to 1961; no more information about him was available.
Misattributed

„Though the Earth, and all inferior Creatures be common to all Men, yet every Man has a Property in his own Person. Thus no Body has any Right to but himself.“

—  John Locke, könyv Two Treatises of Government

Second Treatise of Government, Ch. V, sec. 27
Two Treatises of Government (1689)

„The people cannot delegate to government the power to do anything which would be unlawful for them to do themselves.“

—  John Locke

This might be a paraphrase of some of Locke's expressions or ideas, but the earliest publication of the statement in this form seems to be one made in Oversight Hearing on the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Act (1997).
Misattributed

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