David Ricardo citations

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David Ricardo

Date de naissance: 18. avril 1772
Date de décès: 11. septembre 1823

David Ricardo, né le 18 avril 1772 à Londres et mort le 11 septembre 1823 à Gatcombe Park, est un économiste et philosophe britannique, également agent de change et député. Il est considéré comme l'un des économistes libéraux les plus influents de l'école classique aux côtés d'Adam Smith et de Thomas Malthus. Wikipedia

Photo: Thomas Phillips / Public domain

Citations David Ricardo

„If a tax on malt would raise the price of beer, a tax on bread must raise the price of bread.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XVII, Taxes on Other Commodities, p. 168

„I am told that I adopt new and unusual language, not reconcilable with the true principals of the science. To me it appears that the unusual and, indeed, inconsistent language is that used by my opponents.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter I, Section I, On Value, p. 11
Contexte: If I have to hire a labourer for a week, and instead of ten shillings I pay him eight, no variation having taken place in the value of money, the labourer can probably obtain more food and necessaries with his eight shillings than he before obtained for ten: but this is owing, not to a rise in the real value of his wages, as stated by Adam Smith, and more recently by Mr. Malthus, but to a fall in the value of the things on which his wages are expended, things perfectly distinct; and yet for calling this a fall in the real value of wages, I am told that I adopt new and unusual language, not reconcilable with the true principals of the science. To me it appears that the unusual and, indeed, inconsistent language is that used by my opponents.

„Under a system of perfectly free commerce, each country naturally devotes its capital and labour to such employments as are most beneficial to each.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter VII, On Foreign Trade, p. 81 (See also.. Karl Marx, Das Kapital,(Buch II), Chapter XX, p. 474)
Contexte: Under a system of perfectly free commerce, each country naturally devotes its capital and labour to such employments as are most beneficial to each. This pursuit of individual advantage is admirably connected with the universal good of the whole. By stimulating industry, by rewarding ingenuity, and by using most efficaciously the peculiar powers bestowed by nature, it distributes labour most effectively and most economically: while, by increasing the general mass of productions, it diffuses general benefit, and binds together, by one common tie of interest and intercourse, the universal society of nations throughout the civilized world.

„There can be no greater error then in supposing that capital is increased by non-consumption.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter VIII, On Taxes, Foot note 1, p. 94

„Sufficiently rich to satisfy all my desires and the reasonable desires of all those about me.“

—  David Ricardo

Letter to James Mill, 1815, quoted in Newschool biography http://homepage.newschool.edu/het//profiles/ricardo.htm

„The wheat bought by a farmer to sow is comparatively a fixed capital to the wheat purchased by a baker to make into loaves.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter I, Section IV, On Value, p. 19

„for price is everywhere regulated by the return obtained by this last portion of capital, for which no rent whatever is paid.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XXIV, The Rent of Land, p. 220

„If English money was of the same value then as before, Hamburgh money must have risen in value. But where is the proof of this?“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter VII, On Foreign Trade, p. 93

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„A BOUNTY on the exportation of corn tends to lower its price to the foreign consumer, but it has no permanent effect on its price in the home market.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XXII, Bounties and Prohibitions, p. 201

„Money is neither a material to work upon nor a tool to work with.“

—  David Ricardo

The High Price of Bullion (1810) http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/ricardo/bullion

„The farmer and manufacturer can no more live without profit than the labourer without wages.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter VI, On Profits, p. 73

„But a tax on luxuries would no other effect than to raise their price. It would fall wholly on the consumer, and could neither increase wages nor lower profits.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XVII, Taxes on Other Commodities, p. 161 (see also.. Consumption Tax)

„The demand for money is regulated entirely by its value, and its value by its quantity.“

—  David Ricardo

Source: The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1821) (Third Edition), Chapter XIII, Taxes on Gold, p. 123

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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