Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan quotes

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Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Birthdate: 6. February 1890
Date of death: 20. January 1988

Abdul Ghaffār Khān , nicknamed Fakhr-e-Afghān, lit. "pride of Afghans", Bādshāh Khān, or Bāchā Khān, "king of chiefs", was a Pashtun independence activist who worked to end the rule of the British Raj. He was a political and spiritual leader known for his nonviolent opposition; he was a lifelong pacifist and devout Muslim. A close friend of Mohandas Gandhi, Bacha Khan was nicknamed the "Frontier Gandhi" in British India by his close associate Amir Chand Bombwal. Bacha Khan founded the Khudai Khidmatgar movement in 1929. Its success triggered a harsh crackdown by the British Raj against him and his supporters, and they suffered some of the most severe repression of the Indian independence movement.Bacha Khan strongly opposed the All-India Muslim League's demand for the partition of India. When the Indian National Congress declared its acceptance of the partition plan without consulting the Khudai Khidmatgar leaders, he felt very sad and told the Congress "you have thrown us to the wolves." In June 1947, Khan and other Khudai Khidmatgars declared the Bannu Resolution, demanding that the Pashtuns be given a choice to have an independent state of Pashtunistan, composing all Pashtun territories of British India, instead of being made to join Pakistan. However, the British Raj refused to comply with the demand of this resolution.After the partition, Bacha Khan pledged allegiance to Pakistan, but was frequently arrested by the Pakistani government between 1948 and 1954. In 1956, he was again arrested for his opposition to the One Unit program, under which the government announced its plan to merge all provinces of West Pakistan into a single province. Khan was jailed or in exile during much of the 1960s and 1970s. Upon his death in 1988 in Peshawar under house arrest, following his will, he was buried at his house in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. Tens of thousands of mourners attended his funeral, marching through the Khyber Pass from Peshawar to Jalalabad. It was marred by two bomb explosions that killed 15 people. Despite the heavy fighting at the time during the Soviet–Afghan War, both sides, namely the communist army and the mujahideen, declared a ceasefire to allow Khan's burial.

Photo: British India, British India / Public domain

Quotes Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

„In 1958, Ghaffar Khan wrote that he had been killed ’by those people for whom he had forsaken his own people’.“

—  Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Afghan Frontier: Feuding and Fighting in Central Asia
Source: p 245 (writing in reference to Dr. Khan Sahibs support for the One Unit.

„Pathans! Your house has fallen into ruin. Arise and rebuild it and remember to what race you belong.“

—  Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Quoted in Eknath Easwaran, A Man to Match his Mountains: Bacha Khan, Nonviolent Soldier of Islam (Nilgiri Press, Petaluma, 1984), p. 25.

„Better be poisoned in one's own blood then to be poisoned in one's principle.“

—  Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

As quoted by Governor Barnett's Declaration to the Profile of Mississippi Broadcast via TV and Radio. Sep. 13, 1962 http://microsites.jfklibrary.org/olemiss/controversy/doc2.html without citation and in An unknown legend of India: A bharat ratna By Gaurav Pundeer https://books.google.com/books?isbn=3736889569
Famous speeches

„Only a dead nation remembers its heroes when they die. Real nations respect them when they are alive.“

—  Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Zareef, Adil Saturday, (January 28, 2006) The Demise of a Dream. The Daily Times https://archive.is/20130416144347/www.dailytimes.com.pk/print.asp?page=2006%5C01%5C28%5Cstory_28-1-2006_pg7_35

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