— George Farquhar Irish dramatist 1677 - 1707
The Twin Rivals (1702), Act i. Compare: "Necessity is the mother of invention", Wycherly, Love in a Wood (1672), act iii. sc. 3.; "Art imitates Nature, and necessity is the mother of invention", Richard Franck, Northern Memoirs (written in 1658, printed in 1694); "Magister artis ingenique largitor Venter" (translated: "Hunger is the teacher of the arts and the bestower of invention"), Persius, Prolog., line 10.
Commonly misattributed due to Benjamin Jowett's popular idiomatic translation (1871) of Plato's Republic, Book II, 369c as "The true creator is necessity, who is the mother of our invention." Jowett's translation is noted for injecting flowery, if not florid, language familiar to his Victorian era audience. (See "Note on the Translation", by Elizabeth Watson Scharffenberger, ed., in Republic (2005), Spark Educational Publishing, ISBN 1593080972, p. liii http://books.google.com/books?id=9FLdTCiaI_MC&pg=PR53.) Jowett himself, in Plato's Republic: The Greek Text, Vol. III "Notes", 1894, p. 82, gives a literal translation of Plato as "our need will be the real creator," without the proverbial flourish. The Greek text is: ποιήσει δὲ αὐτήν, ὡς ἔοικεν, ἡ ἡμετέρα χρεία. Perseus.tufts.edu http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0167%3Abook%3D2%3Asection%3D369c
— William Shenstone English gardener 1714 - 1763
"Detached Thoughts : On Writing and Books", p. 129
Essays on Men and Manners (1804)
— Thorstein Veblen American academic 1857 - 1929
Veblen (1914) "The Instinct of Workmanship and the State of the Industrial Arts". p. 314
Meditations (c. 121–180 AD), Book XI
Meditations. xi. 10.
Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. (1919)
— E. B. White American writer 1899 - 1985
"The Old and the New," The New Yorker (19 June 1937)
Act I, sc. ii.
The Critic (1779)
— Agatha Christie English mystery and detective writer 1890 - 1976
Part III: Growing Up, §II
Source: An Autobiography (1977)
— Friedrich Nietzsche German philosopher, poet, composer, cultural critic, and classical philologist 1844 - 1900
— Will Gompertz British journalist 1965
Think Like an Artist (2015)
The Decay of Lying (1889)
— Woody Allen American screenwriter, director, actor, comedian, author, playwright, and musician 1935
„A painter must not only be of necessity an imitator of the works of nature…but he must be as necessarily an imitator of the works of other painters: this appears more humiliating, but is equally true; and no man can be an artist, whatever he may suppose, upon any other terms.“
— Joshua Reynolds English painter, specialising in portraits 1723 - 1792
Discourse no. 6, delivered on December 10, 1774; vol. 1, p. 150.
Discourses on Art
„Art imitates nature not in its effects as such, but in its causes, in its ‘manner,’ in its process, which are nothing but a participation in and a derivation of actual objects, of the Art of God himself.“
— Paul Claudel French diplomat 1868 - 1955
as quoted in "The man who got it right," The New York Review of Books, Volume 60, Number 13, August 15, 2013, p. 72