Burrhus Frederic Skinner cytaty
Burrhus Frederic Skinner
Data urodzenia: 20. Marzec 1904
Data zgonu: 18. Sierpień 1990
Natępne imiona: ಬಿ.ಎಫ್.ಸ್ಕಿನ್ನರ್
Burrhus Frederic Skinner – amerykański psycholog, jeden z twórców i najważniejszych przedstawicieli behawioryzmu, rozwijał teorię warunkowania instrumentalnego. Stworzył paradygmat badawczy znany jako eksperymentalna analiza zachowania. Wikipedia
Cytaty Burrhus Frederic Skinner
Freedom and the control of men (1955/1956) American Scholar, 25 (1), 47-65.
— B.F. Skinner, Walden Two
Walden Two (1948), p. 95.
„A person who has been punished is not thereby simply less inclined to behave in a given way; at best, he learns how to avoid punishment.“
— B.F. Skinner, książka Beyond Freedom and Dignity
Źródło: Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1972).
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As quoted in B. F. Skinner : The Man and His Ideas (1968) by Richard Isadore Evans, p. 73.
Kontekst: We shouldn't teach great books; we should teach a love of reading. Knowing the contents of a few works of literature is a trivial achievement. Being inclined to go on reading is a great achievement.
„I did not direct my life. I didn’t design it. I never made decisions. Things always came up and made them for me. That’s what life is.“
As quoted in "Unpacking the Skinner Box : Revisiting B. F. Skinner through a Postformal Lens" by Dana Salter in The Praeger Handbook of Education and Psychology Vol. 4 (2008) edited by Joe L. Kincheloe and Raymond A. Horn, Ch. 99, p. 872.
— B.F. Skinner, Walden Two
Źródło: Walden Two
„It is the teacher's function to contrive conditions under which students learn. Their relevance to a future usefulness need not be obvious.“
"Free and Happy Student" in The Phi Delta Kappan (September 1973); later published in Reflections on Behaviorism and Society (1978).
Kontekst: Many instructional arrangements seem "contrived", but there is nothing wrong with that. It is the teacher's function to contrive conditions under which students learn. Their relevance to a future usefulness need not be obvious.
It is a difficult assignment. The conditions the teacher arranges must be powerful enough to compete with those under which the student tends to behave in distracting ways.
"New methods and new aims in teaching", in New Scientist, 22(392) (21 May 1964), pp.483-4.
„The real question is not whether machines think but whether men do. The mystery which surrounds a thinking machine already surrounds a thinking man.“
Contingencies of Reinforcement: A Theoretical Analysis (1969).
Źródło: Contingencies Of Reinforcement: A Theoretical Analysis