Theodore Roosevelt idézet
Születési dátum: 27. október 1858
Halál dátuma: 6. január 1919
Más nevek: Teddy Rosevelt, Teddy Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt amerikai politikus, író, az USA 26. elnöke.
Nagyon gazdag kereskedő család sarjaként a Harvard Egyetemen szerzett diplomát 1880-ban. Az egyetem elvégzése után a Republikánus Párt színeiben kezdett politizálni. 1882-84. között már képviselő lett New York állam törvényhozásában. 1897-98-ban haditengerészeti miniszterhelyettes. Az spanyol–amerikai háborúban 1898-ban Kubában harcolt az általa toborzott lovasezred, a Rough Riders élén. 1898-90-ben New York kormányzója. 1901-ben az USA alelnöke, majd W. McKinley elnök meggyilkolása után, 1901. szeptember 14-től az Egyesült Államok elnöke.
1902-ben a Square Deal elnevezésű programjában 44 eljárást indított a nagy trösztök ellen. Elnöksége alatt szabályozta a vasutak és az élelmiszeripar működését, jelentős eredményeket ért el a nemzeti parkok, vadrezervátumok számának növelésében, valamint az öntözés és fásítás területén.
Külpolitikájában újraértelmezte a Monroe-elvet, ennek következményeként az Egyesült Államok katonailag is beavatkozott a latin-amerikai konfliktusokba. Az úgynevezett „furkósbot politikát” alkalmazva kapta meg az USA a Panama-csatorna használati jogát is.
1904-ben történt újraválasztása után közreműködésével jött létre 1906-ban az orosz–japán háborút lezáró portsmouthi béke, amiért Nobel-békedíjat kapott.
1910 áprilisában tett utazása során néhány napot Magyarországon is eltöltött .
Az 1912. évi elnökválasztáson már a Progresszív Republikánus Szövetség jelöltjeként indult az „Új nacionalizmus” programját meghirdetve, de vereséget szenvedett a demokrata Woodrow Wilsontól.
Idézetek Theodore Roosevelt
— Theodore Roosevelt, The Greatest American President: The Autobiography of Theodore Roosevelt
„I have never in my life envied a human being who led an easy life; I have envied a great many people who led difficult lives and led them well.“
— Theodore Roosevelt
1910s, Address in Des Moines, Iowa (4 November 1910)
— Theodore Roosevelt, The Strenuous Life
1900s, The Strenuous Life: Essays and Addresses (1900), The Strenuous Life, Context: It is hard to fail, but it is worse never to have tried to succeed. In this life we get nothing save by effort. Freedom from effort in the present merely means that there has been stored up effort in the past. Context: A life of slothful ease, a life of that peace which springs merely from lack either of desire or of power to strive after great things, is as little worthy of a nation as of an individual. [... ] If you are rich and are worth your salt, you will teach your sons that though they may have leisure, it is not to be spent in idleness; for wisely used leisure merely means that those who possess it, being free from the necessity of working for their livelihood, are all the more bound to carry on some kind of non-remunerative work in science, in letters, in art, in exploration, in historical research—work of the type we most need in this country, the successful carrying out of which reflects most honor upon the nation. We do not admire the man of timid peace. We admire the man who embodies victorious effort; the man who never wrongs his neighbor, who is prompt to help a friend, but who has those virile qualities necessary to win in the stern strife of actual life. It is hard to fail, but it is worse never to have tried to succeed. In this life we get nothing save by effort. Freedom from effort in the present merely means that there has been stored up effort in the past. A man can be freed from the necessity of work only by the fact that he or his fathers before him have worked to good purpose. If the freedom thus purchased is used aright, and the man still does actual work, though of a different kind, whether as a writer or a general, whether in the field of politics or in the field of exploration and adventure, he shows he deserves his good fortune. But if he treats this period of freedom from the need of actual labor as a period, not of preparation, but of mere enjoyment, even though perhaps not of vicious enjoyment, he shows that he is simply a cumberer of the earth's surface, and he surely unfits himself to hold his own with his fellows if the need to do so should again arise.
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— Theodore Roosevelt
Context: There are many kinds of success in life worth having. It is exceedingly interesting and attractive to be a successful business man, or railroad man, or farmer, or a successful lawyer or doctor; or a writer, or a President, or a ranchman, or the colonel of a fighting regiment, or to kill grizzly bears and lions. But for unflagging interest and enjoyment, a household of children, if things go reasonably well, certainly makes all other forms of success and achievement lose their importance by comparison. It may be true that he travels farthest who travels alone; but the goal thus reached is not worth reaching. And as for a life deliberately devoted to pleasure as an end — why, the greatest happiness is the happiness that comes as a by-product of striving to do what must be done, even though sorrow is met in the doing. There is a bit of homely philosophy, quoted by Squire Bill Widener, of Widener's Valley, Virginia, which sums up one's duty in life: "Do what you can, with what you've got, where you are." Ch. IX : Outdoors and Indoors, p. 336; the final statement "quoted by Squire Bill Widener" as well as variants of it, are often misattributed to Roosevelt himself. Variant: Do what you can, with what you have, where you are. Attributed to Roosevelt in Conquering an Enemy Called Average (1996) by John L. Mason, Nugget # 8 : The Only Place to Start is Where You Are. <!-- The Military Quotation Book, Revised and Expanded: More than 1,200 of the Best Quotations About War, Leadership, Courage, Victory, and Defeat (2002) by James Charlton -->
— Theodore Roosevelt
1900s, As quoted by Jacob A. Riis in Theodore Roosevelt, the Citizen (1904), chapter XVI A Young Men's Hero http://www.bartleby.com/206/16.html
„To announce that there must be no criticism of the president, or that we are to stand by the president, right or wrong, is not only unpatriotic and servile, but is morally treasonable to the American public.“
— Theodore Roosevelt
1910s, Context: The President is merely the most important among a large number of public servants. He should be supported or opposed exactly to the degree which is warranted by his good conduct or bad conduct, his efficiency or inefficiency in rendering loyal, able, and disinterested service to the Nation as a whole. Therefore it is absolutely necessary that there should be full liberty to tell the truth about his acts, and this means that it is exactly necessary to blame him when he does wrong as to praise him when he does right. Any other attitude in an American citizen is both base and servile. To announce that there must be no criticism of the president, or that we are to stand by the president, right or wrong, is not only unpatriotic and servile, but is morally treasonable to the American public. Nothing but the truth should be spoken about him or any one else. But it is even more important to tell the truth, pleasant or unpleasant, about him than about any one else. Kansas City Star (7 May 1918)
„In any moment of decision the best thing you can do is the right thing, the next best thing is the wrong thing, and the worst thing you can do is nothing.“
— Theodore Roosevelt
Disputed, As quoted by John M. Kost http://www.mackinac.org/bio.aspx?ID=104 (25 July 1995) in S. 946, the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1995: hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management and the District of Columbia of the Committee on Governmental Affairs (1996). This appears to derive from a 1910 advertisement by writer Alfred Henry Lewis for a forthcoming series of biographical articles about Roosevelt: "All activity, Mr. Roosevelt has often shown that it is better to do the wrong thing than do nothing at all. In politics this last is peculiarly true. The best thing is to do the right thing; the next best is to do the wrong thing; the worst thing of all things is to stand perfectly still". (e.g. in La Follette's Magazine https://books.google.com/books?id=RV4CAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA183&dq=%22best+thing%22+%22right+thing%22+%22worst+thing%22+nothing&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjNksu-nZrMAhVDy2MKHSl1Df8Q6AEIIzAB#v=onepage&q=%22the%20best%20thing%20is%20to%20do%20the%20right%20thing%22&f=false (28 May 1910)