Szent Ágoston idézet

Szent Ágoston fénykép
14   13

Szent Ágoston

Születési dátum: 13. november 354
Halál dátuma: 28. augusztus 430
Más nevek: Svatý Augustýn, Augustinus, Sv. Augustín, San Agustín de Hipona, Svatý Augustin

Hippói Szent Ágoston, teljes nevén latinul: Aurelius Augustinus hippói püspök, egyházatya, filozófus. Az észak-afrikai Thagastéből származó Aurelius Augustinus az egyik legbefolyásosabb nyugati egyházatya. Vele kezdődik a filozófia antropológiai fordulata. Viszonylag későn, hosszú vívódás után, harminckét éves korában keresztelkedett meg és tért vissza szülőföldjére, ahol először pappá majd 395-ben püspökké szentelték. Anyja Szent Mónika volt.

Szent Ágoston a kereszténység egyik legbefolyásosabb filozófusa, szinte az egész középkor ideológiája belőle táplálkozott. Beleépítette a keresztény filozófiába mindazt, amit fontosnak gondolt nemcsak a neoplatonikusoktól, hanem Cicerótól, Platóntól, a sztoikus filozófiától is. Gondolkodói hagyatékának számos eleme máig él a keresztény teológiában és bölcseletben: ilyen a platonizmusa, a kegyelemről szóló tanítása, a predesztináció tana. Katolikus és protestáns irányzatok sora hivatkozott műveire, amelyeket a 17. századtól gondos kezek gyűjtöttek egybe és adtak közre egyre alaposabb és teljesebb nyomtatott kiadásokban. Wikipedia

Művek

Confessions
Szent Ágoston

„A világ egy könyv. Aki nem utazik, csak egy lapját olvasta.“

—  Szent Ágoston

Neki tulajdonított mondások

„Röviden hangzik a törvény, mely eléd van adva: szeress és tégy, amit akarsz!“

—  Szent Ágoston

Neki tulajdonított mondások

„Szeressük embertársunkat: vagy azért, mert jó; vagy azért, hogy jó legyen.“

—  Szent Ágoston

Neki tulajdonított mondások

„A türelem a bölcsesség társa.“
Patientia comes est sapientiae

—  Szent Ágoston

„Minden jó, de nem minden alkalmazkodik más egyébhez“

—  Szent Ágoston, könyv Confessions

Vallomások (Confessiones)

„An unjust law is no law at all.“

—  Aurelius Augustinus

On Free Choice Of The Will, Book 1, § 5

„For Jesus Christ is one man, having a Head and a body“

—  Aurelius Augustinus

Forrás: On the Mystical Body of Christ, pp. 424-425
Kontextus: What does the Scripture mean when it tells us of the body of one man so extended in space that all can kill him? We must understand these words of ourselves, of our Church, or the body of Christ. For Jesus Christ is one man, having a Head and a body. The Saviour of the body and the members of the body are two in one flesh, and in one voice, and in one passion, and, when iniquity shall have passed away, in one repose.
And so the passion of Christ is not in Christ alone; and yet the passion of Christ is in Christ alone. For if in Christ you consider both the Head and the body, the Christ’s passion is in Christ alone; but if by Christ you mean only the Head, then Christ’s passion is not in Christ alone. Hence if you are in the members of Christ, all you who hear me, and even you who hear me not (though you do hear, if you are united with the members of Christ), whatever you suffer at the hands of those who are no among the members of Christ, was lacking to the sufferings of Christ. It is added precisely because it was lacking. You fill up the measure; you do not cause it to overflow. You will suffer just so much as must be added of your sufferings to the complete passion of Christ, who suffered as our Head and who continues to suffer in His members, that is, in us. Into this common treasury each pays what he owes, and according to each one’s ability we all contribute our share of suffering. The full measure of the Passion will not be attained until the end of the world.

„The Head and the body are Christ wholly and entirely.“

—  Aurelius Augustinus

The Head is the only begotten Son of God, the body is His Church; the bridegroom and the bride, two in one flesh. All who dissent from the Scriptures concerning Christ, although they may be found in all places in which the Church is found, are not in the Church; and again all those who agree with the Scriptures concerning the Head, and do not communicate in the unity of the Church, are not in the Church
Encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII on the Unity of the Church, June 29, 1896, ch. 16, Publications of the Catholic Truth Society, 1896, London, Volume 30, p. 41. http://books.google.com/books?id=pYcQAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA41&dq=%22Head+and+the+body+are+Christ+wholly+and+entirely%22&hl=en&ei=6JVRToOwCYbKsQKKxvTHBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Head%20and%20the%20body%20are%20Christ%20wholly%20and%20entirely%22&f=false
Alternate translation: The whole Christ is Head and Body. The Head, the only begotten Son of God; and His Body, the Church: the Bridegroom and the Bride, two in one flesh. Whosoever dissent from the Holy Scriptures in respect of the Head, even though they be found in all the places in which the Church is marked out to be, are not in the Church. And again, whosoever agree with the Holy Scriptures concerning the Head, and do not communicate with the unity of the Body, are not in the Church, because they dissent from Christ's own witness concerning Christ's Body, which is the Church.
Dr. Pusey, and the Ancient Church (1866), by Thomas W. Allies, Longmans, Green, London, p. 82 http://books.google.com/books?id=Cn-pxLKAcRIC&pg=PA82&dq=%22whole+Christ+is+Head+and+Body.+The+Head,+the+only-begotten+Son+of+God%22&hl=en&ei=gZZRTpHKDqmusQKQ8cnnBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22whole%20Christ%20is%20Head%20and%20Body.%20The%20Head%2C%20the%20only-begotten%20Son%20of%20God%22&f=false
De Unitate Ecclesiae - On the Unity of the Church (c. 401 – 405)

„But just a minute, Mr. Poor Man; consider whether you can, in fact, enter. What if you’re poor, and also happen to be greedy? What if you’re sunk in destitution, and at the same time on fire with avarice?“

—  Aurelius Augustinus

Sermon 346A:6 (c. 399 A.D.) "On the Word of God as Leader of the Christians on Their Pilgrimage," Works of Saint Augustine: A Translation for the 21st Century, III/10, Sermons, 341-400, New City Press, Edmund Hill O.P., trans., (1995), , p. 74. http://books.google.com/books?id=iE30Zob4v98C&pg=PA74&dq=%22But+just+a+minute,+Mr.+Poor+Man;+consider+whether+you+can%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-cHUUbqIIJO68wTn-YC4DA&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22But%20just%20a%20minute%2C%20Mr.%20Poor%20Man%3B%20consider%20whether%20you%20can%22&f=false
Sermons
Kontextus: But let us realize what sort of rich people. Here comes heaven knows who across our path, wrapped in rags, and he has been jumping for joy and laughing on hearing it said that the rich man can’t enter the kingdom of heaven; and he’s been saying, “I, though, will enter; that’s what theses rags will earn me; those who treat s badly and insult us, those who bear down hard upon us won’t enter; no, that sort certainly won’t enter. But just a minute, Mr. Poor Man; consider whether you can, in fact, enter. What if you’re poor, and also happen to be greedy? What if you’re sunk in destitution, and at the same time on fire with avarice? So if that’s what you’re like, whoever you are that are poor, it’s not because you haven’t wanted to be rich, but because you haven’t been able to. So God doesn’t inspect your means, but he observes your will. So if that’s what you’re like, leading a bad life, of bad morals, a blasphemer, an adulterer, a drunkard, proud, cross yourself off the list of God’s poor; you won’t be among those of whom it is said, Blessed are the poor in spirit, since theirs is the kingdom of heaven (Mt 5:3).

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