Richard Wagner idézet

Richard Wagner fénykép
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Richard Wagner

Születési dátum: 22. május 1813
Halál dátuma: 13. február 1883

Wilhelm Richard Wagner német zeneszerző, karmester, esztéta.

Bár korán kapcsolatba került a színházi világgal, kezdetben az irodalom jobban érdekelte, mint a zene: gimnazista korában még tragédiákat is írt. Rendszeres zeneoktatásban sohasem részesült, a mesterségbeli felkészültség legfontosabb elemeit – néhány hónap alatt – Theodor Weinligtől, a lipcsei Tamás-templom nagyra tartott karnagyától sajátította el. Beethoven IX. szimfóniájának megismerése volt az a meghatározó zenei élmény, amelynek hatására a muzsikus pálya mellett döntött. 1833-ban karigazgatóként a würzburgi színházhoz került, majd egy évvel később a magdeburgi városi színház karmestere lett. Itt ismerte meg Minna Planert, akivel 1836-ban házasságot kötött. 1837-ben Königsbergben, majd Rigában lett karmester, azután 1839-ben Párizsba menekült hitelezői elől, és ott a legnagyobb nyomorban élt, amíg első sikeres operáját, a Rienzit Drezdában be nem mutatták. Ennek sikere segítette az ottani színház karmester állásához. Részt vett az 1848-as forradalmi megmozdulásban, emiatt menekülnie kellett német földről. Svájcban telepedett le, és ott ismerkedett meg Mathilde Wesendonckkal, egy zürichi üzletember feleségével, aki miatt elvált feleségétől. 1861-ben visszatérhetett hazájába. II. Lajos bajor király Münchenbe hívta, és ettől kezdve rendezett, sőt, fényűző körülmények között az alkotásnak szentelhette idejét. Kicsapongó és költséges életvitele felháborította a münchenieket, ezért 1865-ben távoznia kellett a bajor fővárosból. Svájcban, Luzern közelében telepedett le. Itt, Tribschenben kapcsolta össze sorsát Liszt Ferenc leányával, Cosimával, akiben nemcsak megértő élettársra, hanem eszméinek lelkes támogatójára is talált. Életének utolsó éveiben megvalósult álma, a bayreuthi operaház. Itt mutatták be legismertebb kompozícióját, a Ring-tetralógiát.

A 19. század egyik legnagyobb hatású zeneszerzője, a német opera megreformálója volt. Zeneszerzőként operái tették halhatatlanná, bár számos más műfajban is alkotott . Zenéjének a Gesamtkunstwerk , a vezérmotívumok következetes alkalmazása, a végtelen dallam, és a Sprechensang, a deklamáló énekbeszéd a meghatározó jellemzői. Igen jelentős zeneelméleti munkássága is, bár írásainak többsége művészettörténeti, filozófiai, esztétikai jellegű. Ezek általában a német kultúrkört magasztalják, helyenként Arthur de Gobineau, helyenként Schopenhauer és Nietzsche filozófiáját tükrözve, helyenként pedig ezeken túllépő antiszemitizmussal.

Idézetek Richard Wagner

Citát „Mily kevés az olyan ember, ki önmagát igazán jobban szereti, mint a gyomrát!“

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„It's as if they avoid melodies, for fear of having perhaps stolen them from someone else.“

—  Richard Wagner

21 June 1880
Kontextus: Music has taken a bad turn; these young people have no idea how to write a melody, they just give us shavings, which they dress up to look like a lion's mane and shake at us... It's as if they avoid melodies, for fear of having perhaps stolen them from someone else.

„There we see nothing but a clash of interests, whose object is common to all the disputants, common and ignoble: plainly the side most strongly organised, i.e. the most unscrupulous, will bear away the prize.“

—  Richard Wagner

Know Thyself (1881)
Kontextus: What "Conservatives," "Liberals" and "Conservative-liberals," and finally "Democrats," "Socialists," or even "Social-democrats" etc., have lately uttered on the Jewish Question, must seem to us a trifle foolish; for none of these parties would think of testing that "Know thyself" upon themselves, not even the most indefinite and therefore the only one that styles itself in German, the "Progress"-party. There we see nothing but a clash of interests, whose object is common to all the disputants, common and ignoble: plainly the side most strongly organised, i. e. the most unscrupulous, will bear away the prize. With all our comprehensive State- and National-Economy, it would seem that we are victims to a dream now flattering, now terrifying, and finally asphyxiating: all are panting to awake therefrom; but it is the dream's peculiarity that, so long as it enmeshes us, we take it for real life, and fight against our wakening as though we fought with death. At last one crowning horror gives the tortured wretch the needful strength: he wakes, and what he held most real was but a figment of the dæmon of distraught mankind.
We who belong to none of all those parties, but seek our welfare solely in man's wakening to his simple hallowed dignity; we who are excluded from these parties as useless persons, and yet are sympathetically troubled for them, — we can only stand and watch the spasms of the dreamer, since no cry of ours can pierce to him. So let us save and tend and brace our best of forces, to bear a noble cordial to the sleeper when he wakes, as of himself he must at last.

„Music has taken a bad turn; these young people have no idea how to write a melody, they just give us shavings“

—  Richard Wagner

21 June 1880
Kontextus: Music has taken a bad turn; these young people have no idea how to write a melody, they just give us shavings, which they dress up to look like a lion's mane and shake at us... It's as if they avoid melodies, for fear of having perhaps stolen them from someone else.

„I fixed my mind upon some theatre of first rank, that would some day produce it, and troubled myself but little as to where and when that theatre would be found.“

—  Richard Wagner

Autobiographical Sketch (1843)
Kontextus: The utter childishness of our provincial public's verdict upon any art-manifestation that may chance to make its first appearance in their own theatre — for they are only accustomed to witness performances of works already judged and accredited by the greater world outside — brought me to the decision, at no price to produce for the first time a largish work at a minor theatre. When, therefore, I felt again the instinctive need of undertaking a major work, I renounced all idea of obtaining a speedy representation of it in my immediate neighbourhood: I fixed my mind upon some theatre of first rank, that would some day produce it, and troubled myself but little as to where and when that theatre would be found.

„The July Revolution took place; with one bound I became a revolutionist, and acquired the conviction that every decently active being ought to occupy himself with politics exclusively.“

—  Richard Wagner

Autobiographical Sketch (1843)
Kontextus: The July Revolution took place; with one bound I became a revolutionist, and acquired the conviction that every decently active being ought to occupy himself with politics exclusively. I was only happy in the company of political writers, and I commenced an Overture upon a political theme. Thus was I minded, when I left school and went to the university: not, indeed, to devote myself to studying for any profession — for my musical career was now resolved on — but to attend lectures on philosophy and aesthetics. By this opportunity of improving my mind I profited as good as nothing, but gave myself up to all the excesses of student life; and that with such reckless levity, that they very soon revolted me.

„If gold here figures as the demon strangling manhood's innocence, our greatest poet shews at last the goblin's game of paper money. The Nibelung's fateful ring become a pocket-book, might well complete the eerie picture of the spectral world-controller.“

—  Richard Wagner

Know Thyself (1881)
Kontextus: Clever though be the many thoughts expressed by mouth or pen about the invention of money and its enormous value as a civiliser, against such praises should be set the curse to which it has always been doomed in song and legend. If gold here figures as the demon strangling manhood's innocence, our greatest poet shews at last the goblin's game of paper money. The Nibelung's fateful ring become a pocket-book, might well complete the eerie picture of the spectral world-controller. By the advocates of our Progressive Civilisation this rulership is indeed regarded as a spiritual, nay, a moral power; for vanished Faith is now replaced by "Credit," that fiction of our mutual honesty kept upright by the most elaborate safeguards against loss and trickery. What comes to pass beneath the benedictions of this Credit we now are witnessing, and seem inclined to lay all blame upon the Jews. They certainly are virtuosi in an art which we but bungle: only, the coinage of money out of nil was invented by our Civilisation itself; or if the Jews are blamable for that, it is because our entire civilisation is a barbaro-judaic medley, in nowise a Christian creation.

„So let us save and tend and brace our best of forces, to bear a noble cordial to the sleeper when he wakes, as of himself he must at last.“

—  Richard Wagner

Know Thyself (1881)
Kontextus: What "Conservatives," "Liberals" and "Conservative-liberals," and finally "Democrats," "Socialists," or even "Social-democrats" etc., have lately uttered on the Jewish Question, must seem to us a trifle foolish; for none of these parties would think of testing that "Know thyself" upon themselves, not even the most indefinite and therefore the only one that styles itself in German, the "Progress"-party. There we see nothing but a clash of interests, whose object is common to all the disputants, common and ignoble: plainly the side most strongly organised, i. e. the most unscrupulous, will bear away the prize. With all our comprehensive State- and National-Economy, it would seem that we are victims to a dream now flattering, now terrifying, and finally asphyxiating: all are panting to awake therefrom; but it is the dream's peculiarity that, so long as it enmeshes us, we take it for real life, and fight against our wakening as though we fought with death. At last one crowning horror gives the tortured wretch the needful strength: he wakes, and what he held most real was but a figment of the dæmon of distraught mankind.
We who belong to none of all those parties, but seek our welfare solely in man's wakening to his simple hallowed dignity; we who are excluded from these parties as useless persons, and yet are sympathetically troubled for them, — we can only stand and watch the spasms of the dreamer, since no cry of ours can pierce to him. So let us save and tend and brace our best of forces, to bear a noble cordial to the sleeper when he wakes, as of himself he must at last.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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