Idézetek Ludwig Wittgenstein

„Logic pervades the world: the limits of the world are also its limits.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Original German:Die Logik erfüllt die Welt; die Grenzen der Welt sind auch ihre Grenzen. Wir können also in der Logik nicht sagen: Das und das gibt es in der Welt, jenes nicht.Das würde nämlich scheinbar voraussetzen, dass wir gewisse Möglichkeiten ausschließen, und dies kann nicht der Fall sein, da sonst die Logik über die Grenzen der Welt hinaus müsste; wenn sie nämlich diese Grenzen auch von der anderen Seite betrachten könnte. Was wir nicht denken können, das können wir nicht denken; wir können also auch nicht sagen, was wir nicht denken können.
1920s, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922)
Kontextus: Logic pervades the world: the limits of the world are also its limits. So we cannot say in logic, "The world has this in it, and this, but not that." For that would appear to presuppose that we were excluding certain possibilities, and this cannot be the case, since it would require that logic should go beyond the limits of the world; for only in that way could it view those limits from the other side as well. We cannot think what we cannot think; so what we cannot think we cannot say either. (5.61)

„Man has to awaken to wonder — and so perhaps do peoples.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Forrás: Culture and Value (1980), p. 5e
Kontextus: Man has to awaken to wonder — and so perhaps do peoples. Science is a way of sending him to sleep again.

„A miracle must be, as it were, a sacred gesture.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Forrás: Culture and Value (1980), p. 50e
Kontextus: The purely corporeal can be uncanny. Compare the way angels and devils are portrayed. So-called "miracles" must be connected with this. A miracle must be, as it were, a sacred gesture.

„All testing, all confirmation and disconfirmation of a hypothesis takes place already within a system.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein, könyv On Certainty

On Certainty (1969)
Kontextus: 105. All testing, all confirmation and disconfirmation of a hypothesis takes place already within a system. And this system is not a more or less arbitrary and doubtful point of departure for all our arguments; no it belongs to the essence of what we call an argument. The system is not so much the point of departure, as the element in which our arguments have their life.

„The meaning of life, i.e. the meaning of the world, we can call God.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Journal entry (11 June 1916), p. 72e and 73e
1910s, Notebooks 1914-1916
Kontextus: What do I know about God and the purpose of life?
I know that this world exists.
That I am placed in it like my eye in its visual field.
That something about it is problematic, which we call its meaning.
This meaning does not lie in it but outside of it.
That life is the world.
That my will penetrates the world.
That my will is good or evil.
Therefore that good and evil are somehow connected with the meaning of the world.
The meaning of life, i. e. the meaning of the world, we can call God.
And connect with this the comparison of God to a father.
To pray is to think about the meaning of life.

„What do I know about God and the purpose of life?
I know that this world exists.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Journal entry (11 June 1916), p. 72e and 73e
1910s, Notebooks 1914-1916
Kontextus: What do I know about God and the purpose of life?
I know that this world exists.
That I am placed in it like my eye in its visual field.
That something about it is problematic, which we call its meaning.
This meaning does not lie in it but outside of it.
That life is the world.
That my will penetrates the world.
That my will is good or evil.
Therefore that good and evil are somehow connected with the meaning of the world.
The meaning of life, i. e. the meaning of the world, we can call God.
And connect with this the comparison of God to a father.
To pray is to think about the meaning of life.

„There are, indeed, things that cannot be put into words. They make themselves manifest. They are what is mystical.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

6.522
Original German: Es gibt allerdings Unaussprechliches. Dies zeigt sich, es ist das Mystische.
1920s, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922)

„To pray is to think about the meaning of life.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Journal entry (11 June 1916), p. 72e and 73e
1910s, Notebooks 1914-1916
Kontextus: What do I know about God and the purpose of life?
I know that this world exists.
That I am placed in it like my eye in its visual field.
That something about it is problematic, which we call its meaning.
This meaning does not lie in it but outside of it.
That life is the world.
That my will penetrates the world.
That my will is good or evil.
Therefore that good and evil are somehow connected with the meaning of the world.
The meaning of life, i. e. the meaning of the world, we can call God.
And connect with this the comparison of God to a father.
To pray is to think about the meaning of life.

„What stands fast does so, not because it is intrinsically obvious or convincing; it is rather held fast by what lies around it.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein, könyv On Certainty

On Certainty (1969)
Kontextus: 144. The child learns to believe a host of things. I. e. it learns to act according to these beliefs. Bit by bit there forms a system of what is believed, and in that system some things stand unshakeably fast and some are more or less liable to shift. What stands fast does so, not because it is intrinsically obvious or convincing; it is rather held fast by what lies around it.

„The purely corporeal can be uncanny.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Forrás: Culture and Value (1980), p. 50e
Kontextus: The purely corporeal can be uncanny. Compare the way angels and devils are portrayed. So-called "miracles" must be connected with this. A miracle must be, as it were, a sacred gesture.

„The subject does not belong to the world, but it is a limit of the world.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

5.632
Original German: Das Subjekt gehört nicht zur Welt, sondern es ist eine Grenze der Welt.
1920s, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922)

„Only a man who lives not in time but in the present is happy.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Journal entry (8 July 1916), p. 74e
1910s, Notebooks 1914-1916
Kontextus: There are two godheads: the world and my independent I.
I am either happy or unhappy, that is all. It can be said: good or evil do not exist.
A man who is happy must have no fear. Not even in the face of death.
Only a man who lives not in time but in the present is happy.

„A hero looks death in the face, real death, not just the image of death.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Forrás: Culture and Value (1980), p. 50e
Kontextus: A hero looks death in the face, real death, not just the image of death. Behaving honourably in a crisis doesn't mean being able to act the part of a hero well, as in the theatre, it means being able to look death itself in the eye.
For an actor may play lots of different roles, but at the end of it all he himself, the human being, is the one who has to die.

„The system is not so much the point of departure, as the element in which our arguments have their life.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein, könyv On Certainty

On Certainty (1969)
Kontextus: 105. All testing, all confirmation and disconfirmation of a hypothesis takes place already within a system. And this system is not a more or less arbitrary and doubtful point of departure for all our arguments; no it belongs to the essence of what we call an argument. The system is not so much the point of departure, as the element in which our arguments have their life.

„Frazer is much more savage than most of his savages, for they are not as far removed from the understanding of spiritual matter as a twentieth-century Englishman.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein

Forrás: 1930s-1951, Philosophical Occasions 1912-1951 (1993), Ch. 7 : Remarks on Frazer's Golden Bough, p. 131
Kontextus: Frazer is much more savage than most of his savages, for they are not as far removed from the understanding of spiritual matter as a twentieth-century Englishman. His explanations of primitive practices are much cruder than the meaning of these practices themselves.

„The arrow points only in the application that a living being makes of it.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein, könyv Philosophical Investigations

§ 454
Philosophical Investigations (1953)
Kontextus: "Everything is already there in...." How does it come about that [an] arrow points? Doesn't it seem to carry in it something besides itself? — "No, not the dead line on paper; only the psychical thing, the meaning, can do that." — That is both true and false. The arrow points only in the application that a living being makes of it.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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