Epikurosz idézet

Epikurosz fénykép
6   4

Epikurosz

Születési dátum: 10. február 341 i.e.
Halál dátuma: 269 i.e.
Más nevek: Epikúros, Epikur von Samos

Epikurosz , görög atomista filozófus, Démokritosz természetfilozófiájának a követője. Megvetette korának összes gondolkodóit, kivételt csupán Anaxagorásszal és Démokritosszal tett, ugyanis fontosnak tartotta, hogy autodidaktának tekintsék és nem ismert el semmilyen kapcsolatot saját bölcselete és mások gondolatai között. Wikipedia

Photo: Marie-Lan Nguyen (2010) / Public domain

Idézetek Epikurosz

„Mindazon javak közül, amelyekben a bölcsesség részesít bennünket, a barátság a legértékesebb.“

—  Epikurosz

Epikurosz főbb tanai XXVII
Neki tulajdonított idézetek

„A túlságos nyugalom henyeség, a túlzásba vitt tevékenység viszont örültség.“

—  Epikurosz

Epikurosz, Vatikáni mondásgyűjtemény, XI
Neki tulajdonított idézetek

„Ne tedd tönkre azt, amid van, arra vágyván, amid nincs.“

—  Epikurosz

Epikurosz, Vatikáni mondásgyűjtemény, LI
Neki tulajdonított idézetek

„Jobb félelem nélkül egy avarnyoszolyán, mint nyugtalanul aranyágyban aludni.“

—  Epikurosz

Neki tulajdonított idézetek

„A barátság minden reggel körbejárja a világot, hogy felébressze az embereket, s azok kölcsönösen szerencsét kívánjanak egymásnak“

—  Epikurosz

Epikurosz, Vatikáni mondásgyűjtemény, LII
Neki tulajdonított idézetek

„Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search of it when he has grown old. For no age is too early or too late for the health of the soul.“

—  Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus

"Letter to Menoeceus" http://www.epicurus.net/en/menoeceus.html, as translated in Stoic and Epicurean (1910) by Robert Drew Hicks, p. 167
Variant translation: Let no one delay to study philosophy while he is young, and when he is old let him not become weary of the study; for no man can ever find the time unsuitable or too late to study the health of his soul. And he who asserts either that it is not yet time to philosophize, or that the hour is passed, is like a man who should say that the time is not yet come to be happy, or that it is too late. So that both young and old should study philosophy, the one in order that, when he is old, he many be young in good things through the pleasing recollection of the past, and the other in order that he may be at the same time both young and old, in consequence of his absence of fear for the future.
Kontextus: Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search of it when he has grown old. For no age is too early or too late for the health of the soul. And to say that the season for studying philosophy has not yet come, or that it is past and gone, is like saying that the season for happiness is not yet or that it is now no more. Therefore, both old and young alike ought to seek wisdom, the former in order that, as age comes over him, he may be young in good things because of the grace of what has been, and the latter in order that, while he is young, he may at the same time be old, because he has no fear of the things which are to come. So we must exercise ourselves in the things which bring happiness, since, if that be present, we have everything, and, if that be absent, all our actions are directed towards attaining it.

„Death, therefore, the most awful of evils, is nothing to us, seeing that, when we are, death is not come, and, when death is come, we are not.“

—  Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus

Eredeti: (el) τὸ φρικωδέστατον οὖν τῶν κακῶν ὁ θάνατος οὐθὲν πρὸς ἡμᾶς͵ ἐπειδήπερ ὅταν μὲν ἡμεῖς ὦμεν͵ ὁ θάνατος οὐ πάρεστιν͵ ὅταν δὲ ὁ θάνατος παρῇ͵ τόθ΄ ἡμεῖς οὐκ ἐσμέν.

„No pleasure is in itself evil, but the things which produce certain pleasures entail annoyances many times greater than the pleasures themselves.“

—  Epicurus

8
Variant translation: No pleasure is itself a bad thing, but the things that produce some kinds of pleasure, bring along with them unpleasantness that is much greater than the pleasure itself.
Sovereign Maxims

„It is impossible to live a pleasant life without living wisely and honorably and justly, and it is impossible to live wisely and honorably and justly without living pleasantly.“

—  Epicurus

Sovereign Maxims
Eredeti: (el) Οὐκ ἔστιν ἡδέως ζῆν ἄνευ τοῦ φρονίμως καὶ καλῶς καὶ δικαίως, οὐδὲ φρονίμως καὶ καλῶς καὶ δικαίως ἄνευ τοῦ ἡδέως. ὅτῳ δὲ τοῦτο μὴ ὑπάρχει ἐξ οὗ ζῆν φρονίμως, καὶ καλῶς καὶ δικαίως ὑπάρχει, οὐκ ἔστι τοῦτον ἡδέως ζῆν.
Kontextus: It is impossible to live a pleasant life without living wisely and honorably and justly, and it is impossible to live wisely and honorably and justly without living pleasantly. Whenever any one of these is lacking, when, for instance, the man is not able to live wisely, though he lives honorably and justly, it is impossible for him to live a pleasant life. (5)

„The just man is most free from disturbance, while the unjust is full of the utmost disturbance.“

—  Epicurus

17
Sovereign Maxims
Eredeti: (el) Ὁ δίκαιος ἀταρακτότατος, ὁ δ᾽ ἄδικος πλείστης ταραχῆς γέμων.

„Where without any change in circumstances the things held to be just by law are seen not to correspond with the concept of justice in actual practice, such laws are not really just“

—  Epicurus

Sovereign Maxims
Kontextus: Where without any change in circumstances the things held to be just by law are seen not to correspond with the concept of justice in actual practice, such laws are not really just; but wherever the laws have ceased to be advantageous because of a change in circumstances, in that case the laws were for that time just when they were advantageous for the mutual dealings of the citizens, and subsequently ceased to be just when they were no longer advantageous. (38)

„Natural justice is a symbol or expression of usefulness, to prevent one person from harming or being harmed by another.“

—  Epicurus

31
Sovereign Maxims
Változat: Natural justice is a pledge of reciprocal benefit, to prevent one man from harming or being harmed by another.

„A happy and eternal being has no trouble himself and brings no trouble upon any other being; hence he is exempt from movements of anger and partiality, for every such movement implies weakness.“

—  Epicurus

1
Variant translations:
What is blessed and indestructible has no troubles itself, nor does it give trouble to anyone else, so that it is not affected by feelings of anger or gratitude. For all such things are signs of weakness. (Hutchinson)
The blessed and immortal is itself free from trouble nor does it cause trouble for anyone else; therefore it is not constrained either by anger of favour. For such sentiments exist only in the weak (O'Connor)
A blessed and imperishable being neither has trouble itself nor does it cause trouble for anyone else; therefore, it does not experience anger nor gratitude, for such feelings signify weakness. (unsourced translation)
Sovereign Maxims

„He who is not satisfied with a little, is satisfied with nothing.“

—  Epicurus, Principal Doctrines

The Essential Epicurus : Letters, Principal Doctrines, Vatican sayings, and fragments (1993) edited by Eugene Michael O'Connor, p. 99

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