Josip Broz Tito quotes

Josip Broz Tito photo
17   8

Josip Broz Tito

Birthdate: 7. May 1892
Date of death: 4. May 1980

Josip Broz , commonly known as Tito , was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980. During World War II, he was the leader of the Partisans, often regarded as the most effective resistance movement in occupied Europe. While his presidency has been criticized as authoritarian and concerns about the repression of political opponents have been raised, some historians consider him a benevolent dictator. He was a popular public figure both in Yugoslavia and abroad. Viewed as a unifying symbol, his internal policies maintained the peaceful coexistence of the nations of the Yugoslav federation. He gained further international attention as the chief leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, alongside Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Sukarno of Indonesia, and Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.Broz was born to a Croat father and Slovene mother in the village of Kumrovec, Austria-Hungary . Drafted into military service, he distinguished himself, becoming the youngest sergeant major in the Austro-Hungarian Army of that time. After being seriously wounded and captured by the Imperial Russians during World War I, he was sent to a work camp in the Ural Mountains. He participated in some events of the Russian Revolution in 1917 and subsequent Civil War. Upon his return home, Broz found himself in the newly established Kingdom of Yugoslavia, where he joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia .

He was General Secretary of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and went on to lead the World War II Yugoslav guerrilla movement, the Partisans . After the war, he was the Prime Minister , President of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia . From 1943 to his death in 1980, he held the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia, serving as the supreme commander of the Yugoslav military, the Yugoslav People's Army . With a highly favourable reputation abroad in both Cold War blocs, he received some 98 foreign decorations, including the Legion of Honour and the Order of the Bath.

Tito was the chief architect of the second Yugoslavia, a socialist federation that lasted from November 1942 until April 1992. Despite being one of the founders of Cominform, he became the first Cominform member to defy Soviet hegemony in 1948 and the only one in Joseph Stalin's time to manage to leave Cominform and begin with its own socialist program with elements of market socialism. Economists active in the former Yugoslavia, including Czech-born Jaroslav Vanek and Croat-born Branko Horvat, promoted a model of market socialism dubbed the Illyrian model, where firms were socially owned by their employees and structured on workers' self-management and competed with each other in open and free markets.

„Kosovo is now the biggest problem confronting Yugoslavia“

—  Josip Broz Tito

Tito, as quoted in Julie Mertus' Kosovo: how myths and truths started a war (University of California Press, 1999), p. 22
Other

„Those Chetniks up there who are now firing on us will have joined us within a year.“

—  Josip Broz Tito

Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 185.
Other

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„If you saw what I see for the future in Yugoslavia, it would scare you.“

—  Josip Broz Tito

As said to former Foreign Minister Mirko Tepavac in 1971. (Yugoslavia: A State that Withered Away, Dejan Jović, Purdue University Press, 2009, p.45)
Other

„No country of people's democracy has so many nationalities as this country has. Only in Czechoslovakia do there exist two kindred nationalities, while in some of the other countries there are only minorities. Consequently in these countries of people's democracy there has been no need to settle such serious problems as we have had to settle here. With them the road to socialism is less complicated than is the case here. With them the basic factor is the class issue, with us it is both the nationalities and the class issue. The reason why we were able to settle the nationalities question so thoroughly is to be found in the fact that it had begun to be settled in a revolutionary way in the course of the Liberation War, in which all the nationalities in the country participated, in which every national group made its contribution to the general effort of liberation from the occupier according to its capabilities. Neither the Macedonians nor any other national group which until then had been oppressed obtained their national liberation by decree. They fought for their national liberation with rifle in hand. The role of the Communist Party lay in the first place in the fact that it led that struggle, which was a guarantee that after the war the national question would be settled decisively in the way the communists had conceived long before the war and during the war. The role of the Communist Party in this respect today, in the phase of building socialism, lies in making the positive national factors a stimulus to, not a brake on, the development of socialism in our country. The role of the Communist Party today lies in the necessity for keeping a sharp lookout to see that national chauvinism does not appear and develop among any of the nationalities. The Communist Party must always endeavour, and does endeavour, to ensure that all the negative phenomena of nationalism disappear and that people are educated in the spirit of internationalism. What are the phenomena of nationalism? Here are some of them: 1) National egoism, from which many other negative traits of nationalism are derived, as for example — a desire for foreign conquest, a desire to oppress other nations, a desire to impose economic exploitation upon other nations, and so on; 2) national-chauvinism which is also a source of many other negative traits of nationalism, as for example national hatred, the disparagement of other nations, the disparagement of their history, culture, and scientific activities and scientific achievements, and so on, the glorification of developments in their own history that were negative and which from our Marxist point of view are considered negative. And what are these negative things? Wars of conquest are negative, the subjugation and oppression of other nations is negative, economic exploitation is negative, colonial enslavement is negative, and so on. All these things are accounted negative by Marxism and condemned. All these phenomena of the past can, it is true, be explained, but from our point of view they can never be justified. In a socialist society such phenomena must and will disappear. In the old Yugoslavia national oppression by the great-Serb capitalist clique meant strengthening the economic exploitation of the oppressed peoples. This is the inevitable fate of all who suffer from national oppression. In the new, socialist Yugoslavia the existing equality of rights for all nationalities has made it impossible for one national group to impose economic exploitation upon another. That is because hegemony of one national group over another no longer exists in this country. Any such hegemony must inevitably bring with it, to some degree or other, in one form or another, economic exploitation; and that would be contrary to the principles upon which socialism rests. Only economic, political, cultural, and universal equality of rights can make it possible for us to grow in strength in these tremendous endeavours of our community.“

—  Josip Broz Tito

Concerning the National Question and Social Patriotism http://www.marxists.org/archive/tito/1948/11/26.htm Speech held at the Slovene Academy of Arts and Sciences, November 26, 1948, Ljubljana
Speeches

Similar authors

Leon Trotsky photo
Leon Trotsky106
Marxist revolutionary from Russia
Ernesto Che Guevara photo
Ernesto Che Guevara258
Argentine Marxist revolutionary
Rosa Luxemburg photo
Rosa Luxemburg55
Polish Marxist theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolut…
Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк photo
Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк36
Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and the first Presiden…
Jawaharlal Nehru photo
Jawaharlal Nehru110
Indian lawyer, statesman, and writer, first Prime Minister …
Peter Handke photo
Peter Handke9
Austrian writer, playwright and film director
Fidel Castro photo
Fidel Castro76
former First Secretary of the Communist Party and President…
Olavo de Carvalho photo
Olavo de Carvalho6
Brazilian journalist, essayist and professor of philosophy
Mao Zedong photo
Mao Zedong169
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of…
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk photo
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk9
First Czechoslovak president
Today anniversaries
Sophie Scholl photo
Sophie Scholl17
White Rose member 1921 - 1943
J. M. Barrie photo
J. M. Barrie49
Scottish writer 1860 - 1937
Nelson Algren photo
Nelson Algren30
American novelist, short story writer 1909 - 1981
Richard Adams photo
Richard Adams23
English novelist best known as the author of Watership Down 1920 - 2016
Another 67 today anniversaries
Similar authors
Leon Trotsky photo
Leon Trotsky106
Marxist revolutionary from Russia
Ernesto Che Guevara photo
Ernesto Che Guevara258
Argentine Marxist revolutionary
Rosa Luxemburg photo
Rosa Luxemburg55
Polish Marxist theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolut…
Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк photo
Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк36
Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and the first Presiden…
Jawaharlal Nehru photo
Jawaharlal Nehru110
Indian lawyer, statesman, and writer, first Prime Minister …