Eugene Debs cytaty

Eugene Debs Fotografia
8   1

Eugene Debs

Data urodzenia: 5. Listopad 1855
Data zgonu: 20. Październik 1926

Reklama

Eugene Victor Debs – amerykański przywódca związkowy, socjalista, jeden z członków-założycieli Industrial Workers of the World , kandydat na prezydenta Stanów Zjednoczonych z ramienia Partii Socjaldemokratycznej w 1900, a następnie Socjalistycznej Partii Ameryki w 1904, 1908, 1912 i 1920.

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Cytaty Eugene Debs

„Wysoki Sądzie, przed laty uznałem moje pokrewieństwo ze wszystkimi żyjącymi istotami i zdecydowałem, że nie jestem ani trochę lepszy niż najnikczemniejsze z ziemskich stworzeń. Dopóki istnieje klasa niższa, dopóty do niej należę. Dopóki istnieje element przestępczy, jestem jego częścią. Dopóki choć jedna dusza tkwi w więzieniu – nie jestem wolny.“

—  Eugene Debs
Opis: mowa wygłoszona na procesie przed Sądem Najwyższym w 1919, kiedy Debs został uznany winnym naruszenia Ustawy o szpiegostwie, bowiem wśród jego słuchaczy byli młodzi ludzie w wieku poborowym, a więc jego przemówienie mogło „utrudniać rekrutację lub werbunek do armii”. Źródło: Howard Zinn, Ludowa historia Stanów Zjednoczonych. Od roku 1492 do dziś, tłum. Andrzej Wojtasik, Wyd. Krytyki Politycznej, Warszawa 2016, s. 475.

„Jeśli rok 1892 nauczył robotników czegoś godnego uwagi, to tego, że klasa kapitalistów jak ośmiornica pochwyciła ich w swe macki i ściągnęła w nieprzeniknione głębie degeneracji. Unikanie uchwytu tych monstrów stanowi ciągłe wyzwanie dla związków zawodowych w 1893 roku.“

—  Eugene Debs
Opis: po wydarzeniach w Homestead, Coeur d’Alene i strajku w Buffalo. Źródło: Howard Zinn, Ludowa historia Stanów Zjednoczonych. Od roku 1492 do dziś, tłum. Andrzej Wojtasik, Wyd. Krytyki Politycznej, Warszawa 2016, s. 366.

Reklama

„Nienawidzę junkrów i junkierstwa, brzydzę się i gardzę nimi. Nie widzę żadnego ziemskiego zastosowania dla niemieckich junkrów, a dla junkrów amerykańskich nie znajduje go ani odrobiny więcej.“

—  Eugene Debs
Opis: na procesie przed Sądem Najwyższym w 1918, odpierając zarzuty, że socjaliści są zwolennikami Niemców. Źródło: Howard Zinn, Ludowa historia Stanów Zjednoczonych. Od roku 1492 do dziś, tłum. Andrzej Wojtasik, Wyd. Krytyki Politycznej, Warszawa 2016, s. 474.

„Mój socjalistyczny chrzest miał się dokonać pośród zgiełku bitwy (…), walka klasowa ukazała mi się w blasku bagnetów i błysku karabinów (…). Taka była moja droga do praktycznego socjalizmu.“

—  Eugene Debs
Opis: o krwawym stłumieniu strajku kolejarzy w 1894 w Chicago, podczas którego policja i wojsko zabiły 34 robotników. Źródło: Howard Zinn, Ludowa historia Stanów Zjednoczonych. Od roku 1492 do dziś, tłum. Andrzej Wojtasik, Wyd. Krytyki Politycznej, Warszawa 2016, s. 369.

„Mówią nam, że żyjemy w wolnej republice, że nasze instytucje są demokratyczne, że jesteśmy wolnym narodem, który rządzi się sam (…). To już zbyt wiele dla mnie, nawet jeśli to żart (…).
Na przestrzeni dziejów prowadzono wojny w celu podboju i grabieży (…). A to jest wojna w pigułce. Wojny zawsze wywołuje klasa panów; bitwy zawsze stacza klasa ciemiężonych.“

—  Eugene Debs
Opis: mowa wygłoszona na procesie przed Sądem Najwyższym w 1918, Debs został aresztowany za naruszenie Ustawy o szpiegostwie, bowiem wśród jego słuchaczy byli młodzi ludzie w wieku poborowym, a więc jego przemówienie mogło „utrudniać rekrutację lub werbunek do armii”. Źródło: Howard Zinn, Ludowa historia Stanów Zjednoczonych. Od roku 1492 do dziś, tłum. Andrzej Wojtasik, Wyd. Krytyki Politycznej, Warszawa 2016, s. 474.

„You need at this time especially to know that you are fit for something better than slavery and cannon fodder.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
The Canton, Ohio Speech, Anti-War Speech (1918), Context: You need at this time especially to know that you are fit for something better than slavery and cannon fodder. You need to know that you were not created to work and produce and impoverish yourself to enrich an idle exploiter. You need to know that you have a mind to improve, a soul to develop, and a manhood to sustain.

„Ignorance alone stands in the way of socialist success.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
The Socialist Party and the Working Class (1904), Context: Ignorance alone stands in the way of socialist success. The capitalist parties understand this and use their resources to prevent the workers from seeing the light. Intellectual darkness is essential to industrial slavery.

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„They are the political wings of the capitalist system and such differences as arise between them relate to spoils and not to principles.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
The Socialist Party and the Working Class (1904), Context: The Republican and Democratic parties, or, to be more exact, the Republican-Democratic party, represent the capitalist class in the class struggle. They are the political wings of the capitalist system and such differences as arise between them relate to spoils and not to principles.

„Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
The Canton, Ohio Speech, Anti-War Speech (1918), Context: Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder. In the Middle Ages when the feudal lords who inhabited the castles whose towers may still be seen along the Rhine concluded to enlarge their domains, to increase their power, their prestige and their wealth they declared war upon one another. But they themselves did not go to war any more than the modern feudal lords, the barons of Wall Street go to war. The feudal barons of the Middle Ages, the economic predecessors of the capitalists of our day, declared all wars. And their miserable serfs fought all the battles. The poor, ignorant serfs had been taught to revere their masters; to believe that when their masters declared war upon one another, it was their patriotic duty to fall upon one another and to cut one another's throats for the profit and glory of the lords and barons who held them in contempt. And that is war in a nutshell. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose — especially their lives. They have always taught and trained you to believe it to be your patriotic duty to go to war and to have yourselves slaughtered at their command. But in all the history of the world you, the people, have never had a voice in declaring war, and strange as it certainly appears, no war by any nation in any age has ever been declared by the people. And here let me emphasize the fact — and it cannot be repeated too often — that the working class who fight all the battles, the working class who make the supreme sacrifices, the working class who freely shed their blood and furnish the corpses, have never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace. It is the ruling class that invariably does both. They alone declare war and they alone make peace. Yours not to reason why; Yours but to do and die. That is their motto and we object on the part of the awakening workers of this nation. If war is right let it be declared by the people. You who have your lives to lose, you certainly above all others have the right to decide the momentous issue of war or peace.

„You who have your lives to lose, you certainly above all others have the right to decide the momentous issue of war or peace.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
The Canton, Ohio Speech, Anti-War Speech (1918), Context: Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder. In the Middle Ages when the feudal lords who inhabited the castles whose towers may still be seen along the Rhine concluded to enlarge their domains, to increase their power, their prestige and their wealth they declared war upon one another. But they themselves did not go to war any more than the modern feudal lords, the barons of Wall Street go to war. The feudal barons of the Middle Ages, the economic predecessors of the capitalists of our day, declared all wars. And their miserable serfs fought all the battles. The poor, ignorant serfs had been taught to revere their masters; to believe that when their masters declared war upon one another, it was their patriotic duty to fall upon one another and to cut one another's throats for the profit and glory of the lords and barons who held them in contempt. And that is war in a nutshell. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose — especially their lives. They have always taught and trained you to believe it to be your patriotic duty to go to war and to have yourselves slaughtered at their command. But in all the history of the world you, the people, have never had a voice in declaring war, and strange as it certainly appears, no war by any nation in any age has ever been declared by the people. And here let me emphasize the fact — and it cannot be repeated too often — that the working class who fight all the battles, the working class who make the supreme sacrifices, the working class who freely shed their blood and furnish the corpses, have never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace. It is the ruling class that invariably does both. They alone declare war and they alone make peace. Yours not to reason why; Yours but to do and die. That is their motto and we object on the part of the awakening workers of this nation. If war is right let it be declared by the people. You who have your lives to lose, you certainly above all others have the right to decide the momentous issue of war or peace.

„The feudal barons of the Middle Ages, the economic predecessors of the capitalists of our day, declared all wars. And their miserable serfs fought all the battles.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
The Canton, Ohio Speech, Anti-War Speech (1918), Context: Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder. In the Middle Ages when the feudal lords who inhabited the castles whose towers may still be seen along the Rhine concluded to enlarge their domains, to increase their power, their prestige and their wealth they declared war upon one another. But they themselves did not go to war any more than the modern feudal lords, the barons of Wall Street go to war. The feudal barons of the Middle Ages, the economic predecessors of the capitalists of our day, declared all wars. And their miserable serfs fought all the battles. The poor, ignorant serfs had been taught to revere their masters; to believe that when their masters declared war upon one another, it was their patriotic duty to fall upon one another and to cut one another's throats for the profit and glory of the lords and barons who held them in contempt. And that is war in a nutshell. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose — especially their lives. They have always taught and trained you to believe it to be your patriotic duty to go to war and to have yourselves slaughtered at their command. But in all the history of the world you, the people, have never had a voice in declaring war, and strange as it certainly appears, no war by any nation in any age has ever been declared by the people. And here let me emphasize the fact — and it cannot be repeated too often — that the working class who fight all the battles, the working class who make the supreme sacrifices, the working class who freely shed their blood and furnish the corpses, have never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace. It is the ruling class that invariably does both. They alone declare war and they alone make peace. Yours not to reason why; Yours but to do and die. That is their motto and we object on the part of the awakening workers of this nation. If war is right let it be declared by the people. You who have your lives to lose, you certainly above all others have the right to decide the momentous issue of war or peace.

„The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
The Canton, Ohio Speech, Anti-War Speech (1918), Context: Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder. In the Middle Ages when the feudal lords who inhabited the castles whose towers may still be seen along the Rhine concluded to enlarge their domains, to increase their power, their prestige and their wealth they declared war upon one another. But they themselves did not go to war any more than the modern feudal lords, the barons of Wall Street go to war. The feudal barons of the Middle Ages, the economic predecessors of the capitalists of our day, declared all wars. And their miserable serfs fought all the battles. The poor, ignorant serfs had been taught to revere their masters; to believe that when their masters declared war upon one another, it was their patriotic duty to fall upon one another and to cut one another's throats for the profit and glory of the lords and barons who held them in contempt. And that is war in a nutshell. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose — especially their lives. They have always taught and trained you to believe it to be your patriotic duty to go to war and to have yourselves slaughtered at their command. But in all the history of the world you, the people, have never had a voice in declaring war, and strange as it certainly appears, no war by any nation in any age has ever been declared by the people. And here let me emphasize the fact — and it cannot be repeated too often — that the working class who fight all the battles, the working class who make the supreme sacrifices, the working class who freely shed their blood and furnish the corpses, have never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace. It is the ruling class that invariably does both. They alone declare war and they alone make peace. Yours not to reason why; Yours but to do and die. That is their motto and we object on the part of the awakening workers of this nation. If war is right let it be declared by the people. You who have your lives to lose, you certainly above all others have the right to decide the momentous issue of war or peace.

„They themselves do not cultivate the soil. Nor do they allow others to cultivate it. They keep it idle to enrich themselves, to pocket the millions of dollars of unearned increment.“

—  Eugene V. Debs
The Canton, Ohio Speech, Anti-War Speech (1918), Context: They are continually talking about your patriotic duty. It is not their but your patriotic duty that they are concerned about. There is a decided difference. Their patriotic duty never takes them to the firing line or chucks them into the trenches. And now among other things they are urging you to "cultivate" war gardens, while at the same time a government war report just issued shows that practically 52 percent of the arable, tillable soil is held out of use by the landlords, speculators and profiteers. They themselves do not cultivate the soil. Nor do they allow others to cultivate it. They keep it idle to enrich themselves, to pocket the millions of dollars of unearned increment.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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