Georges Clemenceau idézet

Georges Clemenceau fénykép
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Georges Clemenceau

Születési dátum: 28. szeptember 1841
Halál dátuma: 24. november 1929

Georges Benjamin Clemenceau francia politikus, a Harmadik Köztársaság 40. és 53. miniszterelnöke. Az első világháború befejezése idején, a versailles-i békeszerződés – és a Magyarországot feldaraboló trianoni békeszerződés – egyik fő tető alá hozója.

Eredetileg orvos volt, de hamar elkezdett politizálni és mint újságíró-lapszerkesztő is jelentős befolyással bírt. Állhatatos politizálásért kapta a "Tigris" gúnynevet.

Alapvetően meghatározta politikáját a németekkel szemben való ellenérzése. Ellenezte az 1871-es békeszerződést, támogatta a revansista irányzatokat. 1906-ban belügyminiszter, majd miniszterelnök is, egészen 1909-ig, erre az időszakra a britekkel való szövetség szorosabbra fűzése jellemző. Később a szenátusban a fegyverkezés fokozását sürgette.

1914-től belügyminiszter, 1917 novemberétől ismét miniszterelnök. Mozgósította az ország minden tartalékát, sikerült keresztülvinnie Foch főparancsnokká való kinevezését, ezáltal a hadműveletek összehangolását. A háborút lezáró béketárgyalásokon Németország minél jelentősebb meggyengítését akarta keresztülvinni, de nem valósult meg minden elképzelése. Közép-Európában viszont francia befolyást sikerült kialakítania a trianoni békeszerződéssel. 1920-ban vereséget szenvedett az elnökválasztáson, majd lemondott miniszterelnöki posztjáról is és visszavonult a politikai élettől.

Idézetek Georges Clemenceau

„All that I know I learned after I was thirty.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

As quoted in And Madly Teach : A Layman Looks at Public School Education (1949) by Mortimer Brewster Smith, p. 27
Post-Prime Ministerial

„A man who waits to believe in action before acting is anything you like, but he’s not a man of action.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

Conversation with Jean Martet (18 December 1927), Ch. 11, p. 167.
Kontextus: A man who waits to believe in action before acting is anything you like, but he’s not a man of action. It is as if a tennis player before returning a ball stopped to think about his views of the physical and mental advantages of tennis. You must act as you breathe.

„There are only two perfectly useless things in this world. One is an appendix and the other is Poincaré.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

Referring to his rival Raymond Poincaré, as quoted in Paris 1919 : Six Months That Changed the World (2003) by Margaret MacMillan, p. 33

„In the distance huge trees were still blazing, around us was a waste of ashes and of half-consumed boughs, and the falling rain seemed only to quicken the dying conflagration.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

South America To-Day : A Study of Conditions, Social, Political, and Commercial in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil (1911) http://www.archive.org/details/southamericatoda011092mbp Ch. 14, Brazilian Coffee, p. 395
Kontextus: In the distance huge trees were still blazing, around us was a waste of ashes and of half-consumed boughs, and the falling rain seemed only to quicken the dying conflagration. In some of the great green boles were fearful gaping wounds through which the sap was oozing, while some tall trees still stretched to heaven their triumphant crown of foliage above a trunk all charred that would never sprout again. The Brazilians contemplate spectacles such as this with a wholly indifferent eye, and, indeed, even with satisfaction, for they see in the ruin only a promise of future harvests. To me the scene possessed only the horror of a slaughter-house.

„To me the scene possessed only the horror of a slaughter-house.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

South America To-Day : A Study of Conditions, Social, Political, and Commercial in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil (1911) http://www.archive.org/details/southamericatoda011092mbp Ch. 14, Brazilian Coffee, p. 395
Kontextus: In the distance huge trees were still blazing, around us was a waste of ashes and of half-consumed boughs, and the falling rain seemed only to quicken the dying conflagration. In some of the great green boles were fearful gaping wounds through which the sap was oozing, while some tall trees still stretched to heaven their triumphant crown of foliage above a trunk all charred that would never sprout again. The Brazilians contemplate spectacles such as this with a wholly indifferent eye, and, indeed, even with satisfaction, for they see in the ruin only a promise of future harvests. To me the scene possessed only the horror of a slaughter-house.

„America is far away and protected by the ocean, England could not be reached by Napoleon himself. You are sheltered, both of you; we are not.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

Speech at the Paris Peace Conference (27 March 1919), quoted in Anthony Adamthwaite, Grandeur and Misery: France's Bid for Power in Europe 1914-1940 (London: Arnold, 1995), p. 40.
Kontextus: After expending the greatest effort, and suffering the greatest sacrifices in blood in all history, we must not compromise the results of our victory... if the League of Nations cannot buttress its orders with military sanctions we must find this sanction elsewhere... I beg you to understand my state of mind, just as I am trying to understand yours. America is far away and protected by the ocean, England could not be reached by Napoleon himself. You are sheltered, both of you; we are not.

„It was I who gave the title "J'accuse" to Zola's letter.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

Letter (19 June 1902), in which he claims to have chosen the headline title for Émile Zola's famous open letter on the Dreyfus affair, as quoted in Clemenceau (1974) by D. R. Watson, and Brewer's Famous Quotations : 5000 Quotations and the Stories Behind Them (2006) by Nigel Rees

„America is the only nation in history which miraculously has gone directly from barbarism to degeneration without the usual interval of civilization.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

Attributed to Clemenceau by Hans Bendix, in "Merry Christmas, America!" The Saturday Review of Literature (1 December 1945), p. 9; this appears to be the earliest reference to such a remark as one by Clemenceau, though earlier, in Frank Lloyd Wright : An Autobiography (1943) there is mention that "A witty Frenchman has said of us: 'The United States of America is the only nation to plunge from barbarism to degeneracy with no culture in between.'" Similar remarks are sometimes attributed without a source to Oscar Wilde and George Bernard Shaw.
Variants:
America is the only nation in history which miraculously has gone directly from barbarism to decadence without the usual interval of civilization.
America is the only country that went from barbarism to decadence without civilisation in between.
Post-Prime Ministerial

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„For you a hundred years is a very long time; for us it does not amount to much. I knew men who had seen Napoleon with their own eyes. We have our conception of history and it cannot be the same as yours.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

Remarks to Woodrow Wilson (28 March 1919), quoted in Anthony Adamthwaite, Grandeur and Misery: France's Bid for Power in Europe 1914-1940 (London: Arnold, 1995), p. 49.
Prime Minister

„I do not know whether war is an interlude in peace, or whether peace is an interlude in war.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

Speech to the Senate (11 October 1919), quoted in George Bernard Noble, Policies and Opinions at Paris, 1919 (New York: Macmillan, 1935), p. 353
Prime Minister

„There is no passion like that of a functionary for his function.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

As quoted in The Wordsworth Dictionary of Quotations (1998) by Connie Robertson, p. 86
Post-Prime Ministerial

„Americans have no capacity for abstract thought, and make bad coffee.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

As quoted in The Europeans (1984) by Luigi Barzini, p. 225
Post-Prime Ministerial

„War is too serious a matter to entrust to military men.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

La guerre! C’est une chose trop grave pour la confier à des militaires.
Variant translation: War is too important a matter to be left to the military.
As quoted in Soixante Anneés d'Histoire Française (1932) by Georges Suarez
War is too serious a matter to leave to soldiers.
As quoted in Clemenceau and the Third Republic (1946) by John Hampden Jackson, p. 228; this has also become commonly paraphrased as: War is too important to be left to the generals.
Post-Prime Ministerial

„My son is 22 years old. If he had not become a Communist at 22, I would have disowned him. If he is still a Communist at 30, I will do it then.“

—  Georges Clemenceau

On being told his son had joined the Communist Party, as quoted in Try and Stop Me (1944) by Bennet Cerf
A statement similar in theme has also been attributed to Clemenceau:
A young man who isn't a socialist hasn't got a heart; an old man who is a socialist hasn't got a head.
As quoted in "Nice Guys Finish Seventh" : False Phrases, Spurious Sayings, and Familiar Misquotations (1992) by Ralph Keyes.
W. Gurney Benham in A Book of Quotations (1948) cites a statement by François Guizot as the earliest known expression of this general idea, stating that Clemenceau merely adapted the saying substituting socialiste for republicain:
N'être pas républicain à vingt ans est preuve d'un manque de cœur ; l'être après trente ans est preuve d'un manque de tête.
Not to be a republican at twenty is proof of want of heart; to be one at thirty is proof of want of head.
Variations on this general idea have also been attributed or misattributed to many others, most commonly Winston Churchill, who is not known to have actually made any similar statement.
Post-Prime Ministerial

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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