Alexander von Humboldt citations

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Alexander von Humboldt

Date de naissance: 14. septembre 1769
Date de décès: 6. mai 1859
Autres noms: Александр фон Гумбольдт, Alexander Freiherr von Humboldt

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Friedrich Karl, Wilhelm, Heinrich Alexander, baron von Humboldt, plus connu sous le nom d'Alexander von Humboldt ou Alexandre de Humboldt, est un naturaliste, géographe et explorateur allemand, né le 14 septembre 1769 à Berlin et mort le 6 mai 1859 dans cette même ville. Il était membre associé de l’Académie des sciences française et président de la Société de géographie de Paris. Par la qualité des relevés topographiques et des prélèvements de faune et de flore effectués lors de ses expéditions, il a fondé les bases des explorations scientifiques.

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Citations Alexander von Humboldt

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„The principal impulse by which I was directed was the earnest endeavor to comprehend the phenomena of physical objects in their general connection, and to represent nature as one great whole, moved and animated by internal forces.“

—  Alexander von Humboldt, livre Kosmos
Kosmos (1845 - 1847), Context: The principal impulse by which I was directed was the earnest endeavor to comprehend the phenomena of physical objects in their general connection, and to represent nature as one great whole, moved and animated by internal forces. My intercourse with highly-gifted men early led me to discover that, without an earnest striving to attain to a knowledge of special branches of study, all attempts to give a grand and general view of the universe would be nothing more than a vain illusion. These special departments in the great domain of natural science are, moreover, capable of being reciprocally fructified by means of the appropriative forces by which they are endowed.

„A physical delineation of nature terminates at the point where the sphere of intellect begins, and a new world of mind is opened to our view. It marks the limit, but does not pass it.“

—  Alexander von Humboldt, livre Kosmos
Kosmos (1845 - 1847), Context: From the remotest nebulæ and from the revolving double stars, we have descended to the minutest organisms of animal creation, whether manifested in the depths of ocean or on the surface of our globe, and to the delicate vegetable germs which clothe the naked declivity of the ice-crowned mountain summit; and here we have been able to arrange these phenomena according to partially known laws; but other laws of a more mysterious nature rule the higher spheres of the organic world, in which is comprised the human species in all its varied conformation, its creative intellectual power, and the languages to which it has given existence. A physical delineation of nature terminates at the point where the sphere of intellect begins, and a new world of mind is opened to our view. It marks the limit, but does not pass it.

„While we maintain the unity of the human species, we at the same time repel the depressing assumption of superior and inferior races of men. There are nations more susceptible of cultivation, more highly civilized, more enobled by mental cultivation than others, but none in themselves nobler than others.“

—  Alexander von Humboldt, livre Kosmos
Kosmos (1845 - 1847), Context: While we maintain the unity of the human species, we at the same time repel the depressing assumption of superior and inferior races of men. There are nations more susceptible of cultivation, more highly civilized, more enobled by mental cultivation than others, but none in themselves nobler than others. All are in like degree designed for freedom; a freedom which, in the ruder conditions of society, belongs only to the individual, but which, in social states enjoying political institutions, appertains as a right to the whole body of the community.

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„In order to ameliorate without commotion new institutions must be made, as it were, to rise out of those which the barbarism of centuries has consecrated.“

—  Alexander von Humboldt
Equinoctial Regions of America (1814-1829), Context: In order to ameliorate without commotion new institutions must be made, as it were, to rise out of those which the barbarism of centuries has consecrated. It will one day seem incredible that until the year 1826 there existed no law in the Great Antilles to prevent the sale of young infants and their separation from their parents, or to prohibit the degrading custom of marking the negroes with a hot iron, merely to enable these human cattle to be more easily recognized.

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