François Bernier quotes

François Bernier photo
14   0

François Bernier

Birthdate: 25. September 1620
Date of death: 22. September 1688

François Bernier was a French physician and traveller. He was born at Joué-Etiau in Anjou. He was briefly personal physician to Mughal prince Dara Shikoh , the eldest son of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, and after Dara Shikoh's demise, was attached to the court of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb , for around 12 years during his stay in India.

His 1684 publication Nouvelle division de la terre par les différentes espèces ou races qui l'habitent is considered the first published post-Classical classification of humans into distinct races. He also wrote Travels in the Mughal Empire, which is mainly about the reigns of Dara Shikoh and Aurangzeb. It is based on his own extensive journeys and observations, and on information from eminent Mughal courtiers who had witnessed the events at first hand.

Bernier abridged and translated the philosophical writings of his friend Pierre Gassendi from Latin into French. Initial editions of Bernier's Abregé de la Philosophie de Gassendi were published in Paris in 1674 by the family Langlois and in 1675 by Estienne Michallet. A complete edition in eight volumes was published by Anisson and Posuel at Lyon in 1678; Anisson and Posuel joined with Rigaud to publish a second edition in seven volumes in 1684. Bernier objectively and faithfully rendered Gassendi's ideas in his Abregé, without editorial interjection or invention. However, Bernier remained uncomfortable with some of Gassendi's notions: in 1682, Estienne Michallet was again his publisher, putting forth his Doutes de Mr. Bernier sur quelques-uns des principaux Chapitres de son Abregé de la Philosophie de Gassendi.

„In eastern countries, the weak and the injured are without any refuge whatever; and the only law that decides all controversies is the cane and the caprice of a governor.“

—  François Bernier

Quoted from Lal, K. S. (1992). The legacy of Muslim rule in India. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan.
Travels in the Mogul Empire (1656-1668)

„The unfortunate peasants who were incapable of discharging the demand of their rapacious lords, were bereft of their children who were carried away as slaves.“

—  François Bernier

François Bernier, quoted from Lal, K. S. (1999). Theory and practice of Muslim state in India. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. Chapter 4
Travels in the Mogul Empire (1656-1668)

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Most towns in Hindustan are made up of earth, mud, and other wretched material; that there is no city or town (that) does not bear evident marks of approaching decay.“

—  François Bernier

Quoted from Lal, K. S. (1992). The legacy of Muslim rule in India. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan.
Travels in the Mogul Empire (1656-1668)

„The children of the third and fourth generation (of Uzbegs, Persians, Arabs and Turks)… are held in much less respect than the newcomers.“

—  François Bernier

Lal, K. S. (1992). The legacy of Muslim rule in India. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. Chapter 5
Travels in the Mogul Empire (1656-1668)

„There was no middle state. A man must be of the highest rank or live miserably.“

—  François Bernier

Quoted from Lal, K. S. (1992). The legacy of Muslim rule in India. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. Chapter 6
Travels in the Mogul Empire (1656-1668)

Similar authors

Paracelsus photo
Paracelsus24
Swiss physician and alchemist
Claude Adrien Helvétius photo
Claude Adrien Helvétius8
French philosopher
Maximilien Robespierre photo
Maximilien Robespierre51
French revolutionary lawyer and politician
Nicolas Chamfort photo
Nicolas Chamfort51
French writer
Luc de Clapiers, Marquis de Vauvenargues photo
Luc de Clapiers, Marquis de Vauvenargues61
French writer, a moralist
John Locke photo
John Locke144
English philosopher and physician
Baron d'Holbach photo
Baron d'Holbach8
French-German author, philosopher, encyclopedist
Vincent de Paul photo
Vincent de Paul4
French priest, founder and saint
Denis Diderot photo
Denis Diderot105
French Enlightenment philosopher and encyclopædist
Marie Antoinette photo
Marie Antoinette3
last Queen of France prior to the French Revolution
Today anniversaries
Pablo Picasso photo
Pablo Picasso127
Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stag… 1881 - 1973
Geoffrey Chaucer photo
Geoffrey Chaucer98
English poet 1343 - 1400
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky photo
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky4
Russian composer 1840 - 1893
Georges Bizet photo
Georges Bizet2
French composer 1838 - 1875
Another 59 today anniversaries
Similar authors
Paracelsus photo
Paracelsus24
Swiss physician and alchemist
Claude Adrien Helvétius photo
Claude Adrien Helvétius8
French philosopher
Maximilien Robespierre photo
Maximilien Robespierre51
French revolutionary lawyer and politician
Nicolas Chamfort photo
Nicolas Chamfort51
French writer
Luc de Clapiers, Marquis de Vauvenargues photo
Luc de Clapiers, Marquis de Vauvenargues61
French writer, a moralist