Aristotle quotes

 Aristotle photo
203   86

Aristotle

Birthdate: 384 BC
Date of death: 322 BC

Advertisement

Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece. Along with Plato, he is considered the "Father of Western Philosophy". Aristotle provided a complex and harmonious synthesis of the various existing philosophies prior to him, including those of Socrates and Plato, and it was above all from his teachings that the West inherited its fundamental intellectual lexicon, as well as problems and methods of inquiry. As a result, his philosophy has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be central to the contemporary philosophical discussion.

Little is known about his life. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, and he was brought up by a guardian. At seventeen or eighteen years of age, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven . His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip II of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. Teaching Alexander gave Aristotle many opportunities. He established a library in the Lyceum which helped him to produce many of his hundreds of books, which were papyrus scrolls. The fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato contributed to his former views of Platonism, but, following Plato's death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism. He believed all concepts and knowledge were ultimately based on perception. Aristotle's views on natural sciences represent the groundwork underlying many of his works.

Aristotle's views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics. Some of Aristotle's zoological observations, such as on the hectocotyl arm of the octopus, were disbelieved until the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, studied by medieval scholars such as Peter Abelard and John Buridan. Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Islamic thought during the Middle Ages, as well as Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was revered among medieval Muslim scholars as "The First Teacher". His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics.

All aspects of Aristotle's philosophy continue to be the object of academic study. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues for publication, only around a third of his original output has survived, none of it intended for publication. Aristotle has been depicted by major artists including Raphael and Rembrandt. Early Modern theories including William Harvey's circulation of the blood and Galileo Galilei's kinematics were developed in reaction to Aristotle's. In the 19th century, George Boole gave Aristotle's logic a mathematical foundation with his system of algebraic logic. In the 20th century, Martin Heidegger created a new interpretation of Aristotle's political philosophy, but elsewhere Aristotle was widely criticised, even ridiculed by thinkers such as the philosopher Bertrand Russell and the biologist Peter Medawar. More recently, Aristotle has again been taken seriously, such as in the thinking of Ayn Rand and Alasdair MacIntyre, while Armand Marie Leroi has reconstructed Aristotle's biology. The image of Aristotle tutoring the young Alexander remains current, and the Poetics continues to play a role in the cinema of the United States.

Similar authors

 Platón photo
Platón62
Classical Greek philosopher
 Socrates photo
Socrates133
classical Greek Athenian philosopher
 Proclus photo
Proclus16
Greek philosopher
 Pythagoras photo
Pythagoras119
ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher
 Protagoras photo
Protagoras6
pre-Socratic Greek philosopher
 Antisthenes photo
Antisthenes24
Greek philosopher
 Empedocles photo
Empedocles18
ancient Greek philosopher
Diogenes of Sinope photo
Diogenes of Sinope32
ancient Greek philosopher, one of the founders of the Cynic…
Marsilio Ficino photo
Marsilio Ficino9
Italian philosopher
Diogenes Laërtius photo
Diogenes Laërtius108
biographer of ancient Greek philosophers

Quotes Aristotle

Citát „No great mind has ever existed without a touch of madness.“
Advertisement

„It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.“

—  Aristotle, Metaphysics
Attributed to Aristotle in Lowell L. Bennion, Religion and the Pursuit of Truth http://books.google.gr/books?id=2HPUAAAAMAAJ&q=, Deseret Book Company, 1959, p. 52, and in American Opinion, Volume 24 http://books.google.gr/books?id=irofAQAAMAAJ&q=, Robert Welch, Inc., 1981, p. 23. Possibly a discombobulation http://publicnoises.blogspot.fi/2009/02/aristotle-and-accuracy.html of the Nicomachean Ethics Book I, 1094b.24 quote above.

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating
Today anniversaries
Russell Kirk photo
Russell Kirk5
American political theorist and writer 1918 - 1994
Jonathan Haidt photo
Jonathan Haidt26
American psychologist 1963
Edna St. Vincent Millay photo
Edna St. Vincent Millay69
American poet 1892 - 1950
Cesare Lombroso photo
Cesare Lombroso7
Italian criminologist 1835 - 1909
Another 84 today anniversaries
Similar authors
 Platón photo
Platón62
Classical Greek philosopher
 Socrates photo
Socrates133
classical Greek Athenian philosopher
 Proclus photo
Proclus16
Greek philosopher
 Pythagoras photo
Pythagoras119
ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher
 Protagoras photo
Protagoras6
pre-Socratic Greek philosopher