Aristotle quotes

Aristotle photo
204   90

Aristotle

Birthdate: 384 BC
Date of death: 321 BC

Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece. Along with Plato, he is considered the "Father of Western Philosophy". Aristotle provided a complex and harmonious synthesis of the various existing philosophies prior to him, including those of Socrates and Plato, and it was above all from his teachings that the West inherited its fundamental intellectual lexicon, as well as problems and methods of inquiry. As a result, his philosophy has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be central to the contemporary philosophical discussion.

Little is known about his life. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, and he was brought up by a guardian. At seventeen or eighteen years of age, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven . His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip II of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. Teaching Alexander gave Aristotle many opportunities. He established a library in the Lyceum which helped him to produce many of his hundreds of books, which were papyrus scrolls. The fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato contributed to his former views of Platonism, but, following Plato's death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism. He believed all concepts and knowledge were ultimately based on perception. Aristotle's views on natural sciences represent the groundwork underlying many of his works.

Aristotle's views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics. Some of Aristotle's zoological observations, such as on the hectocotyl arm of the octopus, were disbelieved until the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, studied by medieval scholars such as Peter Abelard and John Buridan. Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Islamic thought during the Middle Ages, as well as Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was revered among medieval Muslim scholars as "The First Teacher". His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics.

All aspects of Aristotle's philosophy continue to be the object of academic study. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues for publication, only around a third of his original output has survived, none of it intended for publication. Aristotle has been depicted by major artists including Raphael and Rembrandt. Early Modern theories including William Harvey's circulation of the blood and Galileo Galilei's kinematics were developed in reaction to Aristotle's. In the 19th century, George Boole gave Aristotle's logic a mathematical foundation with his system of algebraic logic. In the 20th century, Martin Heidegger created a new interpretation of Aristotle's political philosophy, but elsewhere Aristotle was widely criticised, even ridiculed by thinkers such as the philosopher Bertrand Russell and the biologist Peter Medawar. More recently, Aristotle has again been taken seriously, such as in the thinking of Ayn Rand and Alasdair MacIntyre, while Armand Marie Leroi has reconstructed Aristotle's biology. The image of Aristotle tutoring the young Alexander remains current, and the Poetics continues to play a role in the cinema of the United States.

Works

Politics
Aristotle
Physics
Aristotle
Metaphysics
Aristotle
Poetics
Poetics
Aristotle
Rhetoric
Rhetoric
Aristotle
On the Soul
Aristotle
Economics
Aristotle
Categories
Aristotle

Quotes Aristotle

„What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two bodies.“

—  Aristotle
The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, p. 188; also reported in various sources as: Friendship is a single soul dwelling in two bodies. A true friend is one soul in two bodies. Love is composed of a single soul inhabiting two bodies. What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two bodies.

Citát „No great mind has ever existed without a touch of madness.“

„It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.“

—  Aristotle, book Metaphysics
Disputed, Attributed to Aristotle in Lowell L. Bennion, Religion and the Pursuit of Truth http://books.google.gr/books?id=2HPUAAAAMAAJ&q=, Deseret Book Company, 1959, p. 52, and in American Opinion, Volume 24 http://books.google.gr/books?id=irofAQAAMAAJ&q=, Robert Welch, Inc., 1981, p. 23. Possibly a discombobulation http://publicnoises.blogspot.fi/2009/02/aristotle-and-accuracy.html of the Nicomachean Ethics Book I, 1094b.24 quote above.

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Similar authors

Platón photo
Platón62
Classical Greek philosopher
Socrates photo
Socrates133
classical Greek Athenian philosopher
Pythagoras photo
Pythagoras121
ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher
Diogenes of Sinope photo
Diogenes of Sinope32
ancient Greek philosopher, one of the founders of the Cynic…
Antisthenes photo
Antisthenes24
Greek philosopher
Protagoras photo
Protagoras6
pre-Socratic Greek philosopher
Xenophon photo
Xenophon18
ancient Greek historian and philosopher
Zeno of Citium photo
Zeno of Citium9
ancient Greek philosopher
Heraclitus photo
Heraclitus45
pre-Socratic Greek philosopher
Epicurus photo
Epicurus26
ancient Greek philosopher
Today anniversaries
Booker T. Washington photo
Booker T. Washington47
African-American educator, author, orator, and advisor 1856 - 1915
Thomas Hobbes photo
Thomas Hobbes95
English philosopher, born 1588 1588 - 1679
Kurt Cobain photo
Kurt Cobain156
American musician and artist 1967 - 1994
Allen Ginsberg photo
Allen Ginsberg76
American poet 1926 - 1997
Another 70 today anniversaries
Similar authors
Platón photo
Platón62
Classical Greek philosopher
Socrates photo
Socrates133
classical Greek Athenian philosopher
Pythagoras photo
Pythagoras121
ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher
Diogenes of Sinope photo
Diogenes of Sinope32
ancient Greek philosopher, one of the founders of the Cynic…
Antisthenes photo
Antisthenes24
Greek philosopher
x