Miguel de Unamuno citations

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Miguel de Unamuno

Date de naissance: 29. septembre 1864
Date de décès: 31. décembre 1936

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Miguel de Unamuno, né le 29 septembre 1864 à Bilbao et mort le 31 décembre 1936 à Salamanque, est un poète, romancier, dramaturge, critique littéraire et philosophe espagnol appartenant à la génération de 98.

Miguel de Unamuno figure parmi les plus grands écrivains de l'Espagne de son époque, dont il est particulièrement représentatif : il est décrit comme un homme de passions animé par de multiples contradictions, ce qui en fait un personnage assez typique de l'Espagne de la fin du XIXe siècle et du début du XXe siècle.

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Citations Miguel de Unamuno

„La raison répète : vanité des vanités, et tout est vanité! Et l’imagination réplique : plénitude des plénitudes, et tout est plénitude! Et nous vivons ainsi la vanité de la plénitude, ou la plénitude de la vanité.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno, Le Sentiment tragique de la vie
Le Sentiment tragique de la vie (Del sentimiento trágico de la vida), 1913, La razón repite: ¡vanidad de vanidades, y todo vanidad! Y la imaginación replica: ¡plenitud de plenitudes, y todo plenitud! Y así vivimos la vanidad de la plenitud, o la plenitud de la vanidad. es

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„In the most secret chamber of the spirit of him who believes himself convinced that death puts an end to his personal consciousness, his memory, for ever, and all unknown to him perhaps, there lurks a shadow, a vague shadow, a shadow of uncertainty“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), VI : In the Depths of the Abyss, Context: In the most secret chamber of the spirit of him who believes himself convinced that death puts an end to his personal consciousness, his memory, for ever, and all unknown to him perhaps, there lurks a shadow, a vague shadow, a shadow of uncertainty, and while he says within himself, "Well, let us live this life that passes away, for there is no other!" the silence of this secret chamber speaks to him and murmurs, "Who knows!... " These voices are like the humming of a mosquito when the south-west wind roars through the trees in the wood; we cannot distinguish this faint humming, yet nevertheless, merged in the clamor of the storm, it reaches the ear.

„He who bases or thinks he bases his conduct — his inward or his outward conduct, his feeling or his action — upon a dogma or a principle which he deems incontrovertible, runs the risk of becoming a fanatic, and moreover, the moment that this dogma is weakened or shattered, the morality based upon it gives way.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), XI : The Practical Problem, Context: He who bases or thinks he bases his conduct — his inward or his outward conduct, his feeling or his action — upon a dogma or a principle which he deems incontrovertible, runs the risk of becoming a fanatic, and moreover, the moment that this dogma is weakened or shattered, the morality based upon it gives way. If the earth that he thought firm begins to rock, he himself trembles at the earthquake, for we do not all come up to the standard of the ideal Stoic who remains undaunted among the ruins of a world shattered into atoms. Happily the stuff that is underneath a man's ideas will save him. For if a man should tell you that he does not defraud or cuckold his best friend only because he is afraid of hell, you may depend upon it that neither would he do so even if he were to cease to believe in hell, but that he would invent some other excuse instead. And this is all to the honor of the human race.

„Imagination, which is the social sense, animates the inanimate and anthropomorphizes everything“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), VII : Love, Suffering, Pity, Context: Imagination, which is the social sense, animates the inanimate and anthropomorphizes everything; it humanizes everything and even makes everything identical with man. And the work of man is to supernaturalize Nature — that is to say, to make it divine by making it human, to help it to become conscious of itself, in short. The action of reason, on the other hand, is to mechanize or materialize.

„And this God, the living God, your God, our God, is in me, is in you, lives in us, and we live and move and have our being in Him.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), VIII : From God to God, Context: And this God, the living God, your God, our God, is in me, is in you, lives in us, and we live and move and have our being in Him. And he is in us by virtue of the hunger, the longing, which we have for Him, He is Himself creating the longing for Himself.

„If a philosopher is not a man, he is anything but a philosopher; he is above all a pedant, and a pedant is a caricature of a man.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), I : The Man of Flesh and Bone, Context: If a philosopher is not a man, he is anything but a philosopher; he is above all a pedant, and a pedant is a caricature of a man. The cultivation of any branch of science — of chemistry, of physics, of geometry, of philology — may be a work of differentiated specialization, and even so, only within very narrow limits and restrictions; but philosophy, like poetry, is a work of integration and synthesis, or else it is merely pseudo-philosophical erudition.

„The truth is sum, ergo cogito — I am, therefore I think, although not everything that is thinks. Is not consciousness of thinking above all consciousness of being?“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), II : The Starting-Point, Context: The truth is sum, ergo cogito — I am, therefore I think, although not everything that is thinks. Is not consciousness of thinking above all consciousness of being? Is pure thought possible, without consciousness of self, without personality? Can there exist pure knowledge without feeling, without that species of materiality which feelings lends to it? Do we not perhaps feel thought, and do we not feel ourselves in the act of knowing and willing? Could not the man in the stove [Descartes] have said: "I feel, therefore I am"? or "I will, therefore I am"? And to feel oneself, is it not perhaps to feel oneself imperishable?

„Jesus said that God was not the God of the dead, but of the living.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), X : Religion, the Mythology of the Beyond and the Apocatastasis, Context: Jesus said that God was not the God of the dead, but of the living. And the other life is not, in fact, thinkable to us except under the same forms as those of this earthly and transitory life.

„I believe in the immortal origin of this yearning for immortality, which is the very substance of my soul.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), III : The Hunger of Immortality, Context: I am dreaming...? Let me dream, if this dream is my life. Do not awaken me from it. I believe in the immortal origin of this yearning for immortality, which is the very substance of my soul. But do I really believe in it...? And wherefore do you want to be immortal? you ask me, wherefore? Frankly, I do not understand the question, for it is to ask the reason of the reason, the end of the end, the principle of the principle.

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„The most authentic Catholic ethic, monastic asceticism, is an ethic of eschatology, directed to the salvation of the individual soul rather than to the maintenance of society.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), IV : The Essence of Catholicism, Context: The most authentic Catholic ethic, monastic asceticism, is an ethic of eschatology, directed to the salvation of the individual soul rather than to the maintenance of society. And in the cult of virginity may there not perhaps be a certain obscure idea that to perpetuate ourselves in others hinders our own personal perpetuation?

„Passion is like suffering, and like suffering it creates its object.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), XI : The Practical Problem, Context: Passion is like suffering, and like suffering it creates its object. It is easier for the fire to find something to burn than for something combustible to find the fire.

„Whenever a man talks he lies, and so far as he talks to himself — that is to say, so far as he thinks, knowing that he thinks — he lies to himself.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
Context: Whenever a man talks he lies, and so far as he talks to himself — that is to say, so far as he thinks, knowing that he thinks — he lies to himself. The only truth in human life is that which is physiological. Speech — this thing that they call a social product — was made for lying. Niebla [Mist] (1914)

„I neither want to die nor do I want to want to die; I want to live for ever and ever and ever.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), III : The Hunger of Immortality, Context: Glorious is the risk! — καλος γαρ ο κινδυνος, glorious is the risk that we are able to run of our souls never dying … Faced with this risk, I am presented with arguments designed to eliminate it, arguments demonstrating the absurdity of the belief in the immortality of the soul; but these arguments fail to make any impression on me, for they are reasons and nothing more than reasons, and it is not with reasons that the heart is appeased. I do not want to die — no; I neither want to die nor do I want to want to die; I want to live for ever and ever and ever. I want this "I" to live — this poor "I" that I am and that I feel myself to be here and now, and therefore the problem of the duration of my soul, of my own soul, tortures me.

„The ascetic morality is a negative morality.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), IV : The Essence of Catholicism, Context: The ascetic morality is a negative morality. And strictly, what is important for a man is not to die, whether he sins or not.

„A man who had never known suffering, either in greater or less degree, would scarcely possess consciousness of himself.“

—  Miguel de Unamuno
The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), IX : Faith, Hope, and Charity, Context: Suffering is a spiritual thing. It is the most immediate revelation of consciousness, and it may be that our body was given us simply in order that suffering might be enabled to manifest itself. A man who had never known suffering, either in greater or less degree, would scarcely possess consciousness of himself. The child first cries at birth when the air, entering into his lungs and limiting him, seems to say to him: You have to breathe me in order to live!

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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