Margaret Thatcher citations

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Margaret Thatcher

Date de naissance: 13. octobre 1925
Date de décès: 8. avril 2013
Autres noms: Margaret Thatcherová, Margaret Hilda Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher [ˈmɑːɡrɪt ˈθatʃə], baronne Thatcher , est une femme d'État britannique.

Fille d'un épicier et d'une couturière, elle est chimiste au Somerville College , puis avocate de profession. Elle fait son entrée au Parlement du Royaume-Uni en 1959 et exerce la fonction de secrétaire d'État à l'Éducation et aux Sciences dans le gouvernement Heath, de 1970 à 1974.

Elle est la première femme à diriger le Parti conservateur, de 1975 à 1990. Elle est également la première femme à exercer les fonctions de Premier ministre du Royaume-Uni, du 4 mai 1979 au 28 novembre 1990. Arrivée au pouvoir dans un pays en situation d'instabilité, Margaret Thatcher en redresse l'économie en mettant en place une série de réformes radicales. Remportant trois élections générales consécutives, elle effectue le plus long mandat ininterrompu de Premier ministre au Royaume-Uni depuis Robert Jenkinson , et est considérée comme étant la plus renommée des dirigeants politiques britanniques depuis Winston Churchill.

Attachée à ses convictions chrétiennes méthodistes, conservatrices et libérales, invoquant la souveraineté britannique, la protection de l'intérêt de ses administrés et les principes de droit, elle mène une politique étrangère marquée par l'opposition à l'URSS, la promotion de l'atlantisme, la guerre des Malouines, en 1982, et la promotion d'une Europe libre-échangiste au sein de la Communauté économique européenne. Sa politique économique, fortement influencée par les idées issues du libéralisme économique, se distingue par d'importantes privatisations, la baisse des impôts directs, la maîtrise de l'inflation et du déficit public, ainsi que par l'affaiblissement des syndicats. Elle s'accompagne d'une hausse puis d'une baisse du chômage, d'une augmentation significative du produit intérieur brut, d'un accroissement des inégalités économiques, d'une augmentation des impôts indirects et prélèvements obligatoires. L'ensemble de ses politiques, et notamment sa politique économique libérale, est connu sous le nom de « thatchérisme ».

Margaret Thatcher est l'une des figures politiques britanniques à la fois les plus admirées et les plus détestées. Le surnom de « Dame de fer », que le journal L'Étoile rouge, organe de l'armée soviétique, lui décerne en 1976 dans le but de stigmatiser son anticommunisme, symbolise sa fermeté face aux grévistes de la faim de l'IRA provisoire en 1981 ou aux mineurs grévistes en 1984-1985 et se répandra dans le monde entier. Elle reste associée à la « révolution conservatrice » des années 1980. En effet, l'influence de son passage au gouvernement du Royaume-Uni est souvent qualifiée de « révolution » sur les plans politique, idéologique, et économique.

Au-delà des conservateurs, elle a influencé une partie des travaillistes, notamment Tony Blair.

Citations Margaret Thatcher

„Le socialisme a l'État pour credo. Il considère les êtres humains ordinaires comme le matériau brut de ses projets de changements sociaux.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Propos tenus dans un discours devant le Conseil central de son parti, en mars 1990
10 Downing Street, Mémoires, 1993

„La dame n'aime pas renoncer“

—  Margaret Thatcher

The lady is not for turning
Propos tenus dans un discours devant le Conseil central de son parti, en octobre 1980
10 Downing Street, Mémoires, 1993

„There is no such thing as public money; there is only taxpayers’ money.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Speech to Conservative Party Conference (14 October 1983) http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/105454
Second term as Prime Minister
Contexte: Let us never forget this fundamental truth: the State has no source of money other than money which people earn themselves. If the State wishes to spend more it can do so only by borrowing your savings or by taxing you more. It is no good thinking that someone else will pay – that ‘someone else’ is you. There is no such thing as public money; there is only taxpayers’ money.

„I shall never stop fighting. I mean this country to survive, to prosper and to be free“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Speech to Federation of Conservative Students Conference (24 March 1975) http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/102663
Leader of the Opposition
Contexte: I shall never stop fighting. I mean this country to survive, to prosper and to be free... I haven't fought the destructive forces of socialism for more than twenty years in order to stop now, when the critical phase of the struggle is upon us.

„We believe that everyone has the right to be unequal but to us every human being is equally important.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Speech to the Conservative Party Conference (10 October 1975) http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/102777
Leader of the Opposition
Contexte: Some Socialists seem to believe that people should be numbers in a State computer. We believe they should be individuals. We are all unequal. No one, thank heavens, is like anyone else, however much the Socialists may pretend otherwise. We believe that everyone has the right to be unequal but to us every human being is equally important.

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„Being powerful is like being a lady. If you have to tell people you are, you aren't.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Often attributed to Thatcher, but originally said by Jesse Carr, head of Teamsters Union Local, in Newsweek, Vol. 88 (1976), p. 77
Misattributed

„In politics, if you want anything said, ask a man; if you want anything done, ask a woman.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Speech to members of the National Union of Townswomen’s Guilds, delivered at the Royal Albert Hall (May 20, 1965) ; as quoted in Why Women Should Rule the World, HarperCollins (2008), Dee Dee Myers, p. 227 : ISBN 0061140406, 9780061140402 . The Margaret Thatcher Foundation http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/101374 gives the following additional information : MT spoke on the theme ‘Woman – No Longer a Satellite.’ The Evening News report of this speech is the origin of a phrase often attributed to her : ‘In politics, ... (etc., as above).’
Backbench MP

„The problem with socialism is that you eventually run out of other people's money.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Speech to the Conservative Party Conference (10 October 1975) http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/102777
The last sentence is widely paraphrased as "The trouble/problem with socialism is that eventually you run out of other people's money."
Leader of the Opposition
Variante: They’ve got the usual Socialist disease – they’ve run out of other people's money.
Contexte: And I will go on criticising Socialism, and opposing Socialism because it is bad for Britain – and Britain and Socialism are not the same thing... It's the Labour Government that have brought us record peace-time taxation. They’ve got the usual Socialist disease – they’ve run out of other people's money.

„Conservatism is not some abstract theory. It's a crusade to put power in the hands of ordinary people.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Speech to Conservative Central Council (15 March 1986) http://www.margaretthatcher.org/speeches/displaydocument.asp?docid=106348
Second term as Prime Minister
Contexte: Conservatism is not some abstract theory. It's a crusade to put power in the hands of ordinary people. And a very popular crusade it is proving. Tenants are jumping at the opportunity to buy their own council houses. Workers are jumping at the opportunity to buy shares in their own privatised companies. Trade unionists are jumping at the opportunity, which the ballot box now gives them, to decide “who rules” in their union. And the rest of Britain is looking on with approval. For popular capitalism is biting deep.

„Socialists cry "Power to the people", and raise the clenched fist as they say it. We all know what they really mean—power over people, power to the State.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Speech to Conservative Central Council (15 March 1986) http://www.margaretthatcher.org/speeches/displaydocument.asp?docid=106348
Second term as Prime Minister
Contexte: Popular capitalism, which is the economic expression of liberty, is proving a much more attractive means for diffusing power in our society. Socialists cry "Power to the people", and raise the clenched fist as they say it. We all know what they really mean— power over people, power to the State. To us Conservatives, popular capitalism means what it says: power through ownership to the man and woman in the street, given confidently with an open hand.

„The rule of law must prevail over the rule of the mob“

—  Margaret Thatcher

Remarks http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/105691 on Orgreave picketing (30 May 1984)
Second term as Prime Minister
Contexte: You saw the scenes that went on in television last night. I must tell you that what we have got is an attempt to substitute the rule of the mob for the rule of law, and it must not succeed. It must not succeed. There are those who are using violence and intimidation to impose their will on others who do not want it... Ladies and Gentlemen we need the support of everyone in this battle which goes to the very heart of our society. The rule of law must prevail over the rule of the mob.

„I place a profound belief—indeed a fervent faith—in the virtues of self reliance and personal independence.“

—  Margaret Thatcher

On these is founded the whole case for the free society, for the assertion that human progress is best achieved by offering the freest possible scope for the development of individual talents, qualified only by a respect for the qualities and the freedom of others...For many years there has been a subtle erosion of the essential virtues of the free society. Self-reliance has been sneered at as if it were an absurd suburban pretention. Thrift has been denigrated as if it were greed. The desire of parents to choose and to struggle for what they themselves regarded as the best possible education for their children has been scorned.
Speech to Conservative Central Council (15 March 1975) http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/102655
Leader of the Opposition

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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