Alexandre le Grand citations

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Alexandre le Grand

Date de naissance: 20. juillet 356 av. J.-C.
Date de décès: 10. juin 323 av. J.-C.
Autres noms: Alexandr Makedonský Veliký, Alexander der Große

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Alexandre le Grand ou Alexandre III de Macédoine , né le 21 juillet 356 av. J.-C. à Pella , mort le 11 juin 323 av. J.-C. à Babylone , est un roi de Macédoine et l’un des personnages les plus célèbres de l’Antiquité.

Fils de Philippe II, élève d’Aristote et roi de Macédoine à partir de 336 av. J.-C., il devient l’un des plus grands conquérants de l’histoire. Il fait de son petit royaume le maître de l’immense empire perse achéménide, s’avance jusqu’aux rives de l’Indus et fonde près de soixante-dix cités, dont la majorité porte le nom d’Alexandrie.

La notoriété d’Alexandre s’explique principalement par sa volonté de conquête de l'ensemble du monde connu. Cette aspiration, à la fois illusoire et pourtant presque réalisée, avant qu’il ne meure subitement à l’âge de trente-deux ans, a pour conséquence — durant un temps très court — une unité politique jamais retrouvée ensuite entre l’Occident et l’Orient.

L’héritage d’Alexandre, marqué par sa volonté de fusionner les cultures grecque et orientale, est partagé entre ses généraux pour former les différents royaumes et dynasties de la période hellénistique.

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Citations Alexandre le Grand

„Ne remets pas à demain ce que tu peux faire aujourd'hui.“

—  Alexandre le Grand
Blaise de Montluc affirme qu'Alexandre le Grand en avait fait sa devise.

„Au plus digne.“

—  Alexandre le Grand
A ses amis lui demandant à qui il donnait l'empire.

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„Je me garde l'espérance.“

—  Alexandre le Grand
Alors qu'Alexandre distribuait de l'argent à ses amis, Perdiccas refusa et demanda ce qu'Alexandre se gardait...

„A king does not kill messengers.“

—  Alexander the Great
Context: Now you fear punishment and beg for your lives, so I will let you free, if not for any other reason so that you can see the difference between a Greek king and a barbarian tyrant, so do not expect to suffer any harm from me. A king does not kill messengers. As quoted in the Historia Alexandri Magni of Pseudo-Kallisthenes, 1.37.9-13

Citát „There is nothing impossible to him who will try.“

„There is nothing impossible to him who will try.“

—  Alexander the Great
On taking charge of an attack on a fortress, in Pushing to the Front, or, Success under Difficulties : A Book of Inspiration (1896) by Orison Swett Marden, p. 55

„Our enemies are Medes and Persians, men who for centuries have lived soft and luxurious lives; we of Macedon for generations past have been trained in the hard school of danger and war.“

—  Alexander the Great
Context: Our enemies are Medes and Persians, men who for centuries have lived soft and luxurious lives; we of Macedon for generations past have been trained in the hard school of danger and war. Above all, we are free men, and they are slaves. There are Greek troops, to be sure, in Persian service — but how different is their cause from ours! They will be fighting for pay — and not much of at that; we, on the contrary, shall fight for Greece, and our hearts will be in it. As for our foreign troops — Thracians, Paeonians, Illyrians, Agrianes — they are the best and stoutest soldiers in Europe, and they will find as their opponents the slackest and softest of the tribes of Asia. And what, finally, of the two men in supreme command? You have Alexander, they — Darius! Addressing his troops prior to the Battle of Issus, as quoted in Anabasis Alexandri by Arrian Book II, 7

„For my part, I assure you, I had rather excel others in the knowledge of what is excellent, than in the extent of my power and dominion.“

—  Alexander the Great
Quoted by Plutarch in Life of Alexander http://books.google.com/books?id=vWIOAAAAYAAJ&q=%22for+my+part+I+assure+you+I+had+rather+excel+others+in+the+knowledge+of+what+is+excellent+than+in+the+extent+of+my+power+and+dominion%22&pg=PA167#v=onepage from Plutarch's Lives as translated by John Dryden (1683)

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„Know ye not that the end and object of conquest is to avoid doing the same thing as the conquered?“

—  Alexander the Great
As quoted in Lives by Plutarch, VII, "Demosthenes and Cicero. Alexander and Caesar" (40.2), as translated by Bernadotte Perrin

„I consider not what Parmenion should receive, but what Alexander should give.“

—  Alexander the Great
On his gifts for the services of others, as quoted in Dictionary of Phrase and Fable: Giving the Derivation, Source, or Origin of Common Phrases, Allusions, and Words That Have A Tale To Tell (1905) by Ebenezer Cobham Brewer, p. 30 Variant: It is not what Parmenio should receive, but what Alexander should give. quoted in Alexander : A History of the Origin and Growth of the Art of War from Earliest Times to the Battle Of Ipsus, B. C. 301 (1899) by Theodore Ayrault Dodge

„Your ancestors came to Macedonia and the rest of Hellas [Greece] and did us great harm, though we had done them no prior injury. I have been appointed leader of the Greeks, and wanting to punish the Persians I have come to Asia, which I took from you.“

—  Alexander the Great
Alexander's letter to Persian king Darius III of Persia in response to a truce plea, as quoted in Anabasis Alexandri by Arrian; translated as Anabasis of Alexander by P. A. Brunt, for the "Loeb Edition" Book II 14, 4

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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