„His model of an electric eye which records with electric signals message received from outside world, his physical model of memory as a mechanism for storing information justified this being considered a precursor of the modern discipline of cybernetics.“

Observation of Bose Institute.
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose in Vijayaprasara

Adopted from Wikiquote. Last update Sept. 14, 2021. History
Jagadish Chandra Bose photo
Jagadish Chandra Bose17
Bengali polymath, physicist, biologist, botanist and archae… 1858 - 1937

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Marshall McLuhan photo

„The electric light is pure information. It is a medium without a message.“

—  Marshall McLuhan Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar-- a professor of English literature, a literary critic, and a communicatio… 1911 - 1980

Source: 1960s, Understanding Media (1964), p. 8

Edward Fredkin photo

„Cellular automata are now being used to model varied physical phenomena normally modelled by wave equations, fluid dynamics, Ising models, etc. We hypothesize that there will be found a single cellular automaton rule that models all of microscopic physics; and models it exactly. We call this field DM, for digital mechanics.“

—  Edward Fredkin American physicist and computer scientist, a pioneer of digital physics 1934

[An informational process based on reversible universal cellular automata, Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 45, 1–3, September 1990, 254–270, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/016727899090186S, 10.1016/0167-2789(90)90186-S]

Marshall McLuhan photo

„The user of the electric light -- or a hammer, or a language, or a book -- is the content. As such, there is a total metamorphosis of the user by the interface. It is the metamorphosis that I consider the message.“

—  Marshall McLuhan Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar-- a professor of English literature, a literary critic, and a communicatio… 1911 - 1980

Letter to Edward T. Hall, 1971, Letters of Marshall McLuhan, p. 397
1970s

Vannevar Bush photo

„Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library. It needs a name, and to coin one at random, memex will do. A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.“

—  Vannevar Bush, book As We May Think

As We May Think (1945)
Context: Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library. It needs a name, and to coin one at random, memex will do. A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.
It consists of a desk, and while it can presumably be operated from a distance, it is primarily the piece of furniture at which he works. On the top are slanting translucent screens, on which material can be projected for convenient reading. There is a keyboard, and sets of buttons and levers. Otherwise it looks like an ordinary desk.

Marshall McLuhan photo

„Mass man is a phenomenon of electric speed, not of physical quantity.“

—  Marshall McLuhan Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar-- a professor of English literature, a literary critic, and a communicatio… 1911 - 1980

Access, Issues 165-176, National Citizens Committee for Broadcasting, 1984, p. xxiii
1980s

Marshall McLuhan photo

„We are numb in our new electric world as the native involved in our literate and mechanical culture. (p. 16)“

—  Marshall McLuhan Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar-- a professor of English literature, a literary critic, and a communicatio… 1911 - 1980

1960s, Understanding Media (1964)

„Hence we may recognize the subject of management cybernetics — which is seen as a rich provider of models for doing OR.“

—  Anthony Stafford Beer British theorist, consultant, and professor 1926 - 2002

Source: Decision and control: the meaning of operational research and management cybernetics, 1966, p. 239.

Alfred Austin photo

„O'er the wires the electric message came,
"He is no better; he is much the same."“

—  Alfred Austin British writer and poet 1835 - 1913

On the Illness of the Prince of Wales (1910)

An 1871 poem on the illness of the Prince of Wales, although there is some doubt that Austin actually wrote this part. That classic compendium "The Stuffed Owl: An Anthology of Bad Verse" (2d ed. 1930; Capricorn paperback 1962) includes a dozen quotations from Austin but attributes this particular couplet (p. 17) to a "university poet unknown." It also provides a metrically more accurate first line, "Across the wires the gloomy message came," plus "not" for "no" in the second line.
On the Illness of the Prince of Wales (1910)

Michael Crichton photo
Marshall McLuhan photo

„There is no connection between the elements in an electric world, which is equivalent to being surrounded by the human unconscious.“

—  Marshall McLuhan Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar-- a professor of English literature, a literary critic, and a communicatio… 1911 - 1980

Source: 1990s and beyond, The Book of Probes : Marshall McLuhan (2011), p. 260

Marshall McLuhan photo

„We are numb in our new electric world as the native involved in our literate and mechanical culture.“

—  Marshall McLuhan Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar-- a professor of English literature, a literary critic, and a communicatio… 1911 - 1980

Source: 1960s, Understanding Media (1964), p. 16

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Max Tegmark photo
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Edward Fredkin photo
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery photo

„Few speeches which have produced an electrical effect on an audience can bear the colorless photography of a printed record.“

—  Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery British politician 1847 - 1929

Life of Pitt (1891), reported in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. (1919).

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