„[It is] evident that Jesus in no way intended to abolish this Jewish religion and introduce a new one in its place. … From this it follows inevitably that the apostles taught and acted exactly the reverse of what their master had intended, taught, and commanded…“

Reimarus: Fragments, ed. Charles H. Talbert, trans. Ralph S. Fraser (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1970), I/19, pp. 41–42

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Max Müller Fotografia

„If there is one thing which a comparative study of religions places in the clearest light, it is the inevitable decay to which every religion is exposed. It may seem almost like a truism, that no religion can continue to be what it was during the lifetime of its founder and its first apostles.“

—  Max Müller German-born philologist and orientalist 1823 - 1900

Preface (Scribner edition, 1872) <!-- New York, Scribner p xxiii - xxiv -->
Chips from a German Workshop (1866)
Kontekst: If there is one thing which a comparative study of religions places in the clearest light, it is the inevitable decay to which every religion is exposed. It may seem almost like a truism, that no religion can continue to be what it was during the lifetime of its founder and its first apostles. Yet it is but seldom borne in mind that without constant reformation, i. e. without a constant return to its fountan-head, every religion, even the most perfect, nay the most perfect on account of its very perfection, more even than others, suffers from its contact with the world, as the purest air suffers froln the mere fact of its being breathed.
Whenever we can trace back a religion to its first beginnings, we find it free from many of the blemishes that offend us in its later phases. The founders of the ancient religions of the world, as far as we can judge, were minds of a high stamp, full of noble aspirations, yearning for truth, devoted to the welfare of their neighbors, examples of purity and unselfishness. What they desired to found upon earth was but seldom realized, and their sayings, if preserved in their original form, offer often a strange contrast to the practice of those who profess to be their disciples. As soon as a religion is established, and more particularly when it has become the religion of a powerful state, the foreign and worldly elements encroach more and more on the original foundation, and human interests mar the simplicity and purity of the plan which the founder had conceived in his own heart, and matured in his communings with his God. Even those who lived with Buddha misunderstood his words, and at the Great Council which had to settle the Buddhist canon, Asoka, the Indian Constantine had to remind the assembled priests that "what had been said by Buddha, that alone was well said;" and that certain works ascribed to Buddha, as, for instance, the instruction given to his son, Râhula, were apocryphal, if not heretical.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer Fotografia
Blaise Pascal Fotografia

„Mahomet established a religion by putting his enemies to death; Jesus Christ, by commanding his followers to lay down their own lives.“

—  Blaise Pascal French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer, and Christian philosopher 1623 - 1662

Thoughts on Religion and Philosophy http://books.google.pt/books?id=MGkNAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA202&dq=%22Mahomet+established+a%22&hl=pt-PT&sa=X&ei=oZmPU-fCDemp7Ab7s4HQAg&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Mahomet%20established%20a%20religion%22&f=false (W. Collins, 1838), Ch. XVI, p. 202

Naguib Mahfouz Fotografia

„God did not intend religion to be an exercise club.“

—  Naguib Mahfouz Egyptian writer 1911 - 2006

Attributed to Naguib Mahfouz in: Thorntize (2009) The Handbook of Wisdom and Delight. p. 121

Robert G. Ingersoll Fotografia
Kent Hovind Fotografia
Bertrand Russell Fotografia

„If a "religion" is defined to be a system of ideas that contains unprovable statements, then Gödel taught us that mathematics is not only a religion, it is the only religion that can prove itself to be one.“

—  Bertrand Russell logician, one of the first analytic philosophers and political activist 1872 - 1970

John D. Barrow, Between Inner and Outer Space: Essays on Science, Art and Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-192-88041-1, Part 4, ch. 13: Why is the Universe Mathematical? (p. 88). Also found in Barrow's "The Mathematical Universe" http://www.lasalle.edu/~didio/courses/hon462/hon462_assets/mathematical_universe.htm (1989) and The Artful Universe Expanded (Oxford University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-192-80569-X, ch. 5, Player Piano: Hearing by Numbers, p. 250
Misattributed

John D. Barrow Fotografia

„If a 'religion' is defined to be a system of ideas that contains unprovable statements, then Gödel taught us that mathematics is not only a religion, it is the only religion that can prove itself to be one.“

—  John D. Barrow British scientist 1952

The Artful Universe (1995)
Kontekst: If a 'religion' is defined to be a system of ideas that contains unprovable statements, then Gödel taught us that mathematics is not only a religion, it is the only religion that can prove itself to be one.<!-- Ch. 5, p. 211

Marie de France Fotografia

„Anyone who intends to present a new story must approach the problem in a new way and speak so persuasively that the tale brings pleasure to people.“

—  Marie de France, Milun

Ki divers cunte veut traitier,
Diversement deit comencier
E parler si rainablement
K'il seit pleisibles a la gent.
"Milun", line 1; p. 97.
Lais

Cynthia Kadohata Fotografia
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Fotografia

„Very often when we have found ourselves forever separated from what we had intended to achieve, we have already, on our way, found something else worth desiring.“

—  Johann Wolfgang von Goethe German writer, artist, and politician 1749 - 1832

Und doch sehr oft, wenn wir uns von dem Beabsichtigten für ewig getrennt sehen, haben wir schon auf unserm Wege irgend ein anderes Wünschenswerthe gefunden, etwas uns Gemäßes, mit dem uns zu begnügen wir eigentlich geboren sind.
Maxim 68, trans. Stopp
Maxims and Reflections (1833)

Махатма Ганди Fotografia

„I intend to make a careful study of my own religion and, as far as I can, of other religions as well.“

—  Махатма Ганди pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism during British-ruled India 1869 - 1948

Part II: First Day in Pretoria
1920s, An Autobiography (1927)
Kontekst: I am a Hindu by birth. And yet I do not know much of Hinduism, and I know less of other religions. In fact I do not know where I am, and what is and what should be my belief. I intend to make a careful study of my own religion and, as far as I can, of other religions as well.

Pearl S.  Buck Fotografia
Franklin D. Roosevelt Fotografia

„It is a plan to abolish all existing religions — Catholic, Protestant, Mohammedan, Hindu, Buddhist, and Jewish alike.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt 32nd President of the United States 1882 - 1945

Speech: “Navy and Total Defense Day Address” (Oct. 27, 1941), Roosevelt, D. Franklin, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States (1941) vol. 10, p. 440
1940s
Kontekst: Your Government has in its possession another document, made in Germany by Hitler’s Government… It is a plan to abolish all existing religions — Catholic, Protestant, Mohammedan, Hindu, Buddhist, and Jewish alike. The property of all churches will be seized by the Reich and its puppets. The cross and all other symbols of religion are to be forbidden. The clergy are to be forever liquidated, silenced under penalty of the concentration camps, where even now so many fearless men are being tortured because they have placed God above Hitler.

William Quan Judge Fotografia
Mark Hopkins (educator) Fotografia
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky Fotografia

„We can assert, with entire plausibility, that there is not one of all these sects — Kabalism, Judaism, and our present Christianity included — but sprung from the two main branches of that one mother-trunk, the once universal religion, which antedated the Vedaic ages — we speak of that prehistoric Buddhism which merged later into Brahmanism.The religion which the primitive teaching of the early few apostles most resembled — a religion preached by Jesus himself — is the elder of these two, Buddhism. The latter as taught in its primitive purity, and carried to perfection by the last of the Buddhas, Gautama, based its moral ethics on three fundamental principles. It alleged that 1, every thing existing, exists from natural causes; 2, that virtue brings its own reward, and vice and sin their own punishment; and, 3, that the state of man in this world is probationary... However puzzling the subsequent theological tenets; however seemingly incomprehensible the metaphysical abstractions which have convulsed the theology of every one of the great religions of mankind as soon as it was placed on a sure footing, the above is found to be the essence of every religious philosophy, with the exception of later Christianity. It was that of Zoroaster, of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Jesus, and even of Moses, albeit the teachings of the Jewish law-giver have been so piously tampered with.“

—  Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, książka Isis Unveiled

Źródło: Isis Unveiled (1877), Volume II, Chapter III

Madeleine K. Albright Fotografia

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