„Philosophy aims at the logical clarification of thoughts. Philosophy is not a body of doctrine but an activity.“

Variant translation: Philosophy is not a theory but an activity. A philosophical work consists essentially of elucidations. The result of philosophy is not a number of "philosophical propositions." but to make propositions clear.
Original German: Der Zweck der Philosophie ist die logische Klärung der Gedanken. Die Philosophie ist keine Lehre, sondern eine Tätigkeit. Ein philosophisches Werk besteht wesentlich aus Erläuterungen. Das Resultat der Philosophie sind nicht „philosophische Sätze“, sondern das Klarwerden von Sätzen. Die Philosophie soll die Gedanken, die sonst, gleichsam, trübe und verschwommen sind, klar machen und scharf abgrenzen.
1920s, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922)
Kontextus: Philosophy aims at the logical clarification of thoughts. Philosophy is not a body of doctrine but an activity. A philosophical work consists essentially of elucidations. Philosophy does not result in 'philosophical propositions', but rather in the clarification of propositions. Without philosophy thoughts are, as it were, cloudy and indistinct: its task is to make them clear and to give them sharp boundaries. (4.112)

Utolsó frissítés 2020. május 22.. Történelem
Ludwig Wittgenstein fénykép
Ludwig Wittgenstein7
osztrák-brit filozófus 1889 - 1951

Hasonló idézetek

P. D. Ouspensky fénykép

„Philosophy is based on speculation, on logic, on thought, on the synthesis of what we know and on the analysis of what we do not know. Philosophy must include within its confines the whole content of science, religion and art.“

—  P. D. Ouspensky Russian esotericist 1878 - 1947

Forrás: A New Model of the Universe (1932), p. 33
Kontextus: Philosophy is based on speculation, on logic, on thought, on the synthesis of what we know and on the analysis of what we do not know. Philosophy must include within its confines the whole content of science, religion and art. But where can such a philosophy be found? All that we know in our times by the name of philosophy is not philosophy, but merely "critical literature" or the expression of personal opinions, mainly with the aim of overthrowing and destroying other personal opinions. Or, which is still worse, philosophy is nothing but self-satisfied dialectic surrounding itself with an impenetrable barrier of terminology unintelligible to the uninitiated and solving for itself all the problems of the universe without any possibility of proving these explanations or making them intelligible to ordinary mortals.

Julian (emperor) fénykép

„The end and aim of the Cynic philosophy, as indeed of every philosophy, is happiness, but happiness that consists in living according to nature, and not according to the opinions of the multitude.“

—  Julian (emperor) Roman Emperor, philosopher and writer 331 - 363

As quoted in The Works of the Emperor Julian (1923) by Wilmer Cave France Wright, p. 39; also in The Missing Jesus: Rabbinic Judaism and the New Testament (2003) by Craig Alan Evans, Carl A. Elliott, Bruce Chilton, Jacob Neusner
General sources

Ernesto Grassi fénykép

„By drawing an object the children will also learn a fundamental doctrine of philosophy“

—  George Long English classical scholar 1800 - 1879

An Old Man's Thoughts on Many Things, Of Education I
Kontextus: By drawing an object the children will also learn a fundamental doctrine of philosophy; but I don't recommend letting them know what the doctrine is. They will discover it some time. We do not draw objects as they are: we draw them as they seem to be. To the eye things are what they seem to be, but they are in reality, if you know what that means, something else.

Ray Comfort fénykép

„Adolf Hitler took Darwin's evolutionary philosophy to its logical conclusions.“

—  Ray Comfort New Zealand-born Christian minister and evangelist 1949

The Origin of Species: 150th Anniversary Edition (2009)

„The Stoics made three divisions of philosophy, Physic, Ethic, and Logic.“

—  George Long English classical scholar 1800 - 1879

The Philosophy of Antoninus
Kontextus: The Stoics made three divisions of philosophy, Physic, Ethic, and Logic.... It appears, however, that this division was made before Zeno's time and acknowledged by Plato.... Logic is not synonymous with our term Logic in the narrower sense of that word.

George Trumbull Ladd fénykép
Ludwig Wittgenstein fénykép

„The aim of philosophy is to erect a wall at the point where language stops anyway.“

—  Ludwig Wittgenstein Austrian-British philosopher 1889 - 1951

Forrás: 1930s-1951, Philosophical Occasions 1912-1951 (1993), Ch. 9 : Philosophy, p. 187

Peter Singer fénykép
John W. Gardner fénykép

„Philosophy is an activity: it is a way of thinking about certain sorts of question.“

—  Nigel Warburton British author and lecturer 1962

Philosophy : the basics (Fifth Edition, 2013), Introduction

Alfred North Whitehead fénykép

„Rationalism is an adventure in the clarification of thought.“

—  Alfred North Whitehead English mathematician and philosopher 1861 - 1947

Pt. I, ch. 1, sec. 3.
1920s, Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology (1929)

Martin Heidegger fénykép

„Philosophy will not be able to effect an immediate transformation of the present condition of the world. This is not only true of philosophy, but of all merely human thought and endeavor.“

—  Martin Heidegger German philosopher 1889 - 1976

Interview (23 September 1966), published posthumously in Der Spiegel (31 May 1976), as translated by Maria P. Alter and John D. Caputo in The Heidegger Controversy : A Critical Reader (1991), edited by Richard Wolin.
Kontextus: Philosophy will not be able to effect an immediate transformation of the present condition of the world. This is not only true of philosophy, but of all merely human thought and endeavor. Only a god can save us. The sole possibility that is left for us is to prepare a sort of readiness, through thinking and poeticizing, for the appearance of the god or for the absence of the god in the time of foundering [Untergang] for in the face of the god who is absent, we founder. Only a God Can Save Us.

Charles Sanders Peirce fénykép

„A serious student of philosophy will be in no haste to accept or reject this doctrine; but he will see in it one of the chief attitudes which speculative thought may take, feeling that it is not for an individual, nor for an age, to pronounce upon a fundamental question of philosophy. That is a task for a whole era to work out.“

—  Charles Sanders Peirce American philosopher, logician, mathematician, and scientist 1839 - 1914

The Law of Mind (1892)
Kontextus: In an article published in The Monist for January, 1891, I endeavored to show what ideas ought to form the warp of a system of philosophy, and particularly emphasized that of absolute chance. In the number of April, 1892, I argued further in favor of that way of thinking, which it will be convenient to christen tychism (from τύχη, chance). A serious student of philosophy will be in no haste to accept or reject this doctrine; but he will see in it one of the chief attitudes which speculative thought may take, feeling that it is not for an individual, nor for an age, to pronounce upon a fundamental question of philosophy. That is a task for a whole era to work out. I have begun by showing that tychism must give birth to an evolutionary cosmology, in which all the regularities of nature and of mind are regarded as products of growth, and to a Schelling-fashioned idealism which holds matter to be mere specialized and partially deadened mind.

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