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Henri Bergson

Date de naissance: 18. octobre 1859
Date de décès: 4. janvier 1941
Autres noms: Henri Louis Bergson

Henri Bergson, né le 18 octobre 1859 à Paris, ville où il meurt le 4 janvier 1941, est un philosophe français. Il a publié quatre principaux ouvrages : d’abord en 1889, l’Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience, ensuite Matière et mémoire en 1896, puis L'Évolution créatrice en 1907, et enfin Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion en 1932. Il a reçu le prix Nobel de littérature en 1927. Son œuvre est entrée dans le domaine public au 1er janvier 2012. Il est l'auteur du Rire, un essai sur la signification du comique . Wikipedia

Photo: Henri Manuel / Public domain

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„Il faut agir en homme de pensée et penser en homme d'action.“

—  Henri Bergson

Message au Congrès Descartes, 1937.
Citation sourcée
Variante: Je dirais qu'il faut agir en homme de pensée et penser en homme d'action.

„Religion is to mysticism what popularization is to science.“

—  Henri Bergson, livre Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion

Source: The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), Chapter III : Dynamic Religion
Contexte: Religion is to mysticism what popularization is to science. What the mystic finds waiting for him, then, is a humanity which has been prepared to listen to his message by other mystics invisible and present in the religion which is actually taught. Indeed his mysticism itself is imbued with this religion, for such was its starting point. His theology will generally conform to that of the theologians. His intelligence and his imagination will use the teachings of the theologians to express in words what he experiences, and in material images what he sees spiritually. And this he can do easily, since theology has tapped that very current whose source is the mystical. Thus his mysticism is served by religion, against the day when religion becomes enriched by his mysticism. This explains the primary mission which he feels to be entrusted to him, that of an intensifier of religious faith.

„This explains the primary mission which he feels to be entrusted to him, that of an intensifier of religious faith.“

—  Henri Bergson, livre Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion

Source: The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), Chapter III : Dynamic Religion
Contexte: Religion is to mysticism what popularization is to science. What the mystic finds waiting for him, then, is a humanity which has been prepared to listen to his message by other mystics invisible and present in the religion which is actually taught. Indeed his mysticism itself is imbued with this religion, for such was its starting point. His theology will generally conform to that of the theologians. His intelligence and his imagination will use the teachings of the theologians to express in words what he experiences, and in material images what he sees spiritually. And this he can do easily, since theology has tapped that very current whose source is the mystical. Thus his mysticism is served by religion, against the day when religion becomes enriched by his mysticism. This explains the primary mission which he feels to be entrusted to him, that of an intensifier of religious faith.

„His intelligence and his imagination will use the teachings of the theologians to express in words what he experiences, and in material images what he sees spiritually.“

—  Henri Bergson, livre Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion

Source: The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932), Chapter III : Dynamic Religion
Contexte: Religion is to mysticism what popularization is to science. What the mystic finds waiting for him, then, is a humanity which has been prepared to listen to his message by other mystics invisible and present in the religion which is actually taught. Indeed his mysticism itself is imbued with this religion, for such was its starting point. His theology will generally conform to that of the theologians. His intelligence and his imagination will use the teachings of the theologians to express in words what he experiences, and in material images what he sees spiritually. And this he can do easily, since theology has tapped that very current whose source is the mystical. Thus his mysticism is served by religion, against the day when religion becomes enriched by his mysticism. This explains the primary mission which he feels to be entrusted to him, that of an intensifier of religious faith.

„Men do not sufficiently realise that their future is in their own hands.“

—  Henri Bergson, livre Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion

Concluding sentences <!-- University of Notre Dame Press, 2002, p. 317 --> ; often just the last part of the last sentence is quoted, in the form: "The universe is a machine for making gods."
The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (1932)
Contexte: Men do not sufficiently realise that their future is in their own hands. Theirs is the task of determining first of all whether they want to go on living or not. Theirs is the responsibility, then, for deciding if they want merely to live, or intend to make just the extra effort required for fulfilling, even on their refractory planet, the essential function of the universe, which is a machine for the making of gods (la fonction essentielle de l'universe, qui est une machine à faire des dieux).

„I would say act like a man of thought and think like a man of action.“

—  Henri Bergson

Je dirais qu'il faut agir en homme de pensée et penser en homme d'action.
Speech at the Descartes Conference http://books.google.com/books?id=BynXAAAAMAAJ&q=%22Je+dirais+qu'il+faut+agir+en+homme+de+pens%C3%A9e+et+penser+en+homme+d'action%22&pg=PA1579#v=onepage in Paris (1937)
Quoted in The Forbes Scrapbook of Thoughts on the Business of Life (1950), p. 442, as "Think like a man of action, act like a man of thought."

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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