Giordano Bruno cytaty
Data urodzenia: 1548
Data zgonu: 17. Luty 1600
Giordano Bruno – włoski filozof renesansowy, humanista, filozof hermetyczny, okultysta, początkowo dominikanin .
Cytaty Giordano Bruno
Źródło: Bliski Wschód. Społeczeństwa, polityka, tradycje, t. 3, Academica, 2006, s. 189.
słowa wypowiedziane do sędziów.
„Żydzi są rasą działającą na podobieństwo dżumy i cholery, rasa dla ogółu tak niebezpieczna, że zasłużyła na wytępienie, zanim się jeszcze zrodziła. Żydzi są wyrzutkiem ludzkości, najbardziej zepsutym i niegodziwym narodem na świecie, o mentalności i skłonnościach najpodlejszych i najbrudniejszych.“
„Lecz godne pożałowania wydaje mi się to, iż widzę takich bezmyślnych i głupich bałwochwalców, którzy… naśladują doskonałość kultu egipskiego; i szukają bóstwa, choć nie mają na nie żadnego dowodu, w wydzielinach rzeczy martwej i ożywionej: przez to wystawiają na pośmiewisko nie tylko owe bóstwa i roztropnych czcicieli, lecz także nas… a co jest w tym najgorsze, triumfują, widząc swoje szaleńcze obrządki w takim poważaniu… – Nie trap się tym, o Momosie – rzekła Izyda – albowiem przeznaczenie uładziło bieg spraw ciemności i światła.“
Lecz zło jest w tym – odparł Momos – że oni uznają za pewne, iż przebywają w świetle.
Źródło: Spaccio della bestia trionfante, Londyn 1584.
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Se non è vero, è molto ben trovato. (wł.)
Źródło: De gl’ heroici furor, 1585
<!-- V Singer p. 59 -->
On the Infinite Universe and Worlds (1584)
Kontekst: It is then unnecessary to investigate whether there be beyond the heaven Space, Void or Time. For there is a single general space, a single vast immensity which we may freely call Void; in it are innumerable globes like this one on which we live and grow. This space we declare to be infinite, since neither reason, convenience, possibility, sense-perception nor nature assign to it a limit. In it are an infinity of worlds of the same kind as our own.
„Our philosophy… reduceth to a single origin and relateth to a single end, and maketh contraries to coincide so that there is one primal foundation both of origin and of end.“
As translated by Dorothea Waley Singer (1950) <!-- p. 84 -->
De immenso (1591)
Kontekst: Our philosophy… reduceth to a single origin and relateth to a single end, and maketh contraries to coincide so that there is one primal foundation both of origin and of end. From this coincidence of contraries, we deduce that ultimately it is divinely true that contraries are within contraries; wherefore it is not difficult to compass the knowledge that each thing is within every other.
„Heroic love is the property of those superior natures who are called insane (insano) not because they do not know (no sanno), but because they over-know (soprasanno).“
As quoted in The Tragic Sense of Life (1913), by Miguel de Unamuno, as translated by J. E. Crawford Flitch; Conclusion : Don Quixote in the Contemporary European Tragi-Comedy
The Italian original is from Francesco de Sanctis, Storia della letteratura italiana, 1871/1890, p. 255 http://it.wikisource.org/wiki/Pagina:Storia_della_letteratura_italiana_II.djvu/267: "L'amore eroico è proprio delle nature superiori, dette insane, non perché non sanno, ma perché soprasanno..."
„The universal Intellect is the intimate, most real, peculiar and powerful part of the soul of the world.“
Cause, Principle, and Unity (1584)
Kontekst: The universal Intellect is the intimate, most real, peculiar and powerful part of the soul of the world. This is the single whole which filleth the whole, illumineth the universe and directeth nature to the production of natural things, as our intellect with the congruous production of natural kinds.
„It does not grow corrupt. because there is nothing else into which it could change, given that it is itself all things.“
As translated by Paul Harrison <!-- Fifth dialogue ?-->
Cause, Principle, and Unity (1584)
Kontekst: The Universe is one, infinite, immobile. The absolute potential is one, the act is one, the form or soul is one, the material or body is one, the thing is one, the being in one, one is the maximum and the best... It is not generated, because there is no other being it could desire or hope for, since it comprises all being. It does not grow corrupt. because there is nothing else into which it could change, given that it is itself all things. It cannot diminish or grow, since it is infinite.
„What he was, he became through having liberated himself from certain false axioms of the common and vulgar philosophy — I will not say blindness.“
Thoughts on Nicolaus Copernicus, as translated in Agnes Mary Clerke: Copernicus in Italy http://www.archive.org/stream/edinburghreview146londuoft#page/116/mode/2up
The Ash Wednesday Supper (1584)
Kontekst: He was a man of grave and cultivated mind, of rapid and mature intelligence; inferior to no preceding astronomer, unless in order of succession and time; a man, who in natural ability was far superior to Ptolemy, Hipparchus, Eudoxus, and all those others who followed in their footsteps. What he was, he became through having liberated himself from certain false axioms of the common and vulgar philosophy — I will not say blindness. Nevertheless, he did not depart far from them; because, studying mathematics rather than Nature, he failed to penetrate and dig deep enough altogether to cut away the roots of incongruous and vain principles, and thus, removing perfectly all opposing difficulties, free himself and others from so many empty investigations into things obvious and unchangeable. In spite of all this, who can sufficiently praise the magnanimity of this German, who, having little regard to the foolish multitude, stood firm against the torrent of contrary opinion, and, although well-nigh unarmed with living arguments, resuming those rusty and neglected fragments which antiquity had transmitted to him, polished, repaired, and put them together with reasonings more mathematical than philosophical; and so rendered that cause formerly contemned and contemptible, honourable, estimable, more probable than its rival, and certainly convenient and expeditious for purposes of theory and calculation? Thus this Teuton, although with means insufficient to vanquish, overthrow, and suppress falsehood, as well as resist it, nevertheless resolutely determined in his own mind, and openly confessed this final and necessary conclusion : that it is more possible that this globe should move with regard to the universe, than that the innumerable multitude of bodies, many of which are known to be greater and more magnificent than our earth, should be compelled, in spite of Nature and reason, which, by means of motions evident to the senses, proclaim the contrary, to acknowledge this globe as the centre and base of their revolutions and influences. Who then will be so churlish and discourteous towards the efforts of this man, as to cover with oblivion all he has done, by being ordained of the Gods as an Aurora — which was to precede the rising of this Sun of the true, ancient philosophy, buried during so many centuries in the tenebrous caverns of blind, malignant, froward, envious ignorance; and, taking note only of what he failed to accomplish, rank him amongst the number of the herded multitude, which discourses, guides itself, precipitates to destruction, according to the oral sense of a brutal and ignoble belief, rather than amongst those who, by the use of right reason, have been able to rise up, and resume the true course under the faithful guidance of the eye of divine intelligence.