„The great contribution of science is to say that this second theory is nonsense.“

Generation of Greatness (1957)
Kontextus: I believe there are two opposing theories of history, and you have to make your choice. Either you believe that this kind of individual greatness does exist and can be nurtured and developed, that such great individuals can be part of a cooperative community while they continue to be their happy, flourishing, contributing selves — or else you believe that there is some mystical, cyclical, overriding, predetermined, cultural law — a historic determinism.
The great contribution of science is to say that this second theory is nonsense. The great contribution of science is to demonstrate that a person can regard the world as chaos, but can find in himself a method of perceiving, within that chaos, small arrangements of order, that out of himself, and out of the order that previous scientists have generated, he can make things that are exciting and thrilling to make, that are deeply spiritual contributions to himself and to his friends. The scientist comes to the world and says, "I do not understand the divine source, but I know, in a way that I don't understand, that out of chaos I can make order, out of loneliness I can make friendship, out of ugliness I can make beauty."
I believe that men are born this way — that all men are born this way. I know that each of the undergraduates with whom I talked shares this belief. Each of these men felt secretly — it was his very special secret and his deepest secret — that he could be great.
But not many undergraduates come through our present educational system retaining this hope. Our young people, for the most part — unless they are geniuses — after a very short time in college give up any hope of being individually great. They plan, instead, to be good. They plan to be effective, They plan to do their job. They plan to take their healthy place in the community. We might say that today it takes a genius to come out great, and a great man, a merely great man, cannot survive. It has become our habit, therefore, to think that the age of greatness has passed, that the age of the great man is gone, that this is the day of group research, that this is the day of community progress. Yet the very essence of democracy is the absolute faith that while people must cooperate, the first function of democracy, its peculiar gift, is to develop each individual into everything that he might be. But I submit to you that when in each man the dream of personal greatness dies, democracy loses the real source of its future strength.

Forrás Wikiquote. Utolsó frissítés 2021. június 3.. Történelem
Edwin H. Land fénykép
Edwin H. Land43
American scientist and inventor 1909 - 1991

Hasonló idézetek

Ilya Prigogine fénykép
Mikhail Bulgakov fénykép
Aldo Leopold fénykép
James D. Watson fénykép

„I just can’t sit while people are saying nonsense in a meeting without saying it’s nonsense.“

—  James D. Watson American molecular biologist, geneticist, and zoologist. 1928

Scientific American Vol. 288, Issue 4 (2003), p. 54

Bertolt Brecht fénykép

„Science has only one commandment: contribution.“

—  Bertolt Brecht, Life of Galileo

Andrea, in Scene 13, p. 122
As translated by Howard Brenton (1980)
Life of Galileo (1939)
Változat: Science knows only one commandment — contribute to science.

Roger Wolcott Sperry fénykép

„Instead of maintaining the traditional separation of science and values, cognitive theory says the two come together in brain function.“

—  Roger Wolcott Sperry American neuroscientist 1913 - 1994

New Mindset on Consciousness (1987)
Kontextus: Instead of maintaining the traditional separation of science and values, cognitive theory says the two come together in brain function. If we are correct in saying that our conscious mental values not only arise from, but also influence brain processing, then it becomes possible to integrate values with the physical world on a scientific rather than supernatural basis. It's been the traditional role of religion to affirm the primary importance of our higher values in this world by invoking a supreme power. In cognitivism, it is science that affirms the powerful controlling role of higher values, and it is able to do so on grounds that are verifiable — that is, testable against reality as it really is.
On these new terms, science no longer upholds a value-empty existence, in which everything, including the human mind, is driven entirely by strictly physical forces of the most elemental kind. We get a vastly revised answer to the old question "What does science leave to believe in?" that gives us a different image of science and the kind of truth science stands for. This new outlook leads to realistic, this world values that provide a strong moral basis for environmentalism and population controls and for policies that would protect the long-term evolving quality of the biosphere.

Jerry Coyne fénykép
W. Brian Arthur fénykép

„Complexity theory is really a movement of the sciences.“

—  W. Brian Arthur American economist 1946

"Coming from Your Inner Self", Conversation with W. Brian Arthur, Xerox PARC (16 April 1999) http://web.archive.org/web/20071011023150/http://www.dialogonleadership.org/Arthur-1999.html, by Joseph Jaworski, Gary Jusela, C. Otto Scharmer
Kontextus: Complexity theory is really a movement of the sciences. Standard sciences tend to see the world as mechanistic. That sort of science puts things under a finer and finer microscope. In biology the investigations go from classifying organisms to functions of organisms, then organs themselves, then cells, and then organelles, right down to protein and enzymes, metabolic pathways, and DNA. This is finer and finer reductionist thinking.
The movement that started complexity looks in the other direction. It’s asking, how do things assemble themselves? How do patterns emerge from these interacting elements? Complexity is looking at interacting elements and asking how they form patterns and how the patterns unfold. It’s important to point out that the patterns may never be finished. They’re open-ended. In standard science this hit some things that most scientists have a negative reaction to. Science doesn’t like perpetual novelty.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan fénykép

„The creeds of religion correspond to theories of science…“

—  Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Indian philosopher and statesman who was the first Vice President and the second President of India 1888 - 1975

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Kontextus: The creeds of religion correspond to theories of science... intuitions of the human soul should be studied by the methods which are adopted with such great success in the region of positive science.

Samuel McChord Crothers fénykép

„Individuals with any of a very broad spectrum of intellectual attributes can contribute to science.“

—  Roland W. Schmitt American academic 1923 - 2017

Kontextus: We hardly know the limit of intelligence of individuals who can fruitfully contribute to science in one way or another if they are given the proper training – including graduate training – as assistants, as supervised or semi-independent researchers, as team members. Individuals with any of a very broad spectrum of intellectual attributes can contribute to science.

„The aim of science is to falsify theories and to replace them by better theories, theories that demonstrate a greater ability to withstand tests.“

—  Alan Chalmers, könyv What Is This Thing Called Science?

Forrás: What Is This Thing Called Science? (Third Edition; 1999), Chapter 6, Sophisticated falsification, novel predictions and the growth of science, p. 83

Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair fénykép
Werner Heisenberg fénykép
Neil deGrasse Tyson fénykép
Carl Sagan fénykép
Anthony de Mello fénykép
Richard Feynman fénykép
Thorstein Veblen fénykép
Victor J. Stenger fénykép

„Science is not going to change its commitment to the truth. We can only hope religion changes its commitment to nonsense.“

—  Victor J. Stenger American philosopher 1935 - 2014

[02/19/2013, Science and Religion Cannot Be Reconciled, Huffington Post, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/victor-stenger/religion-and-science-_b_2719280.html]

Kapcsolódó témák