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Ennius

Date de naissance: 16. juillet 239 av. J.-C.
Date de décès: 8. octobre 169 av. J.-C.

Quintus Ennius est né en 239 av. J.-C. à Rudiae, en Messapie , et mort en 169 av. J.-C.. C'est un auteur de l’époque de la République romaine. On le considère comme le « père de la poésie latine ». Bien que seuls des fragments de son œuvre nous aient été conservés , son influence sur la littérature latine fut importante.

Citations Ennius

„All mortals desire themselves to be praised.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Augustine of Hippo in De Trinitate, Book XIII, Chapter III
Original: (la) Omnes mortales sese laudarier optant.

„Whom they fear, they hate. And whom one hates, one hopes to see him dead.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis, Book II, Chapter 23
Original: (la) Quem metuunt oderunt; quem quisque odit, perisse expetit.

„One man, by delaying, restored the state to us.
He valued safety more than mob's applause;
Hence now his glory more resplendent grows.“

—  Ennius

Of Fabius Maximus Cunctator, as quoted by Cicero in De Senectute, Chapter IV (Loeb translation)
Original: (la) Unus homo nobis cunctando restituit rem.
Noenum rumores ponebat ante salutem;
Ergo plusque magisque viri nunc gloria claret.

„The idle mind knows not what it wants.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Aulus Gellius in Noctes Atticae (Attic Nights), Book XIX, Chapter X
Iphigenia
Original: (la) Otioso in otio animus nescit quid velit.

„Fortune is given to brave men.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia, Book VI, Chapter I
Original: (la) Fortibus est fortuna viris data.

„Not chaffering war but waging war, not with gold but with iron—thus let us of both sides make trial for our lives“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis, Book I, Chapter XII
Original: (la) Nec cauponantes bellum sed belligerantes;
Ferro non auro vitam cernamus utrique.

„The ape, vilest of beasts, how like to us!“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Natura Deorum, Book I, Chapter XXXV
Variant translation: How like us is that ugly brute, the ape!
Original: (la) Simia quam similis turpissima bestia nobis!

„The mind wanders unsure, except in that life is lived.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Aulus Gellius in Noctes Atticae (Attic Nights), Book XIX, Chapter X
Iphigenia
Original: (la) Incerte errat animus; praeterpropter vitam vivitur.

„Open your eyelids, will you all, and let your brains leave sleep behind.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Festus, in De verborum significatione (Loeb translation)
Original: (la) Pandite sultis genas et corde relinquite somnum.

„Whom none could overcome with iron or gold.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Re Publica, Book III, Chapter IV
Iron is a metonym for sword/warfare, and gold for money/bribery.
Original: (la) Quem nemo ferro potuit superare nec auro.

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„The Roman state survives by its ancient customs and its manhood.“

—  Ennius

Annals, Book V
Original: (la) Moribus antiquis res stat Romana virisque.

„No sooner said than done—so acts your man of worth.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Priscianus in Ars Prisciani, Book VI
Original: (la) Dictum factumque facit frux.

„No one regards what is before his feet; we all gaze at the stars.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Divinatione, Book II, Chapter XIII
Iphigenia
Original: (la) Quod est ante pedes nemo spectat, caeli scrutantur plagas.

„Your minds that once did stand erect and strong,
What madness swerves them from their wonted course?“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Senectute, Chapter VI (Loeb translation)
Original: (la) Quo vobis mentes, rectae quae stare solebant
Antehac, dementis sese flexere viai?

„where the Gauls stealthily, at the time of night when sleep falls on men, attacked the high citadel and of a sudden stained with blood walls and watchers.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia, Book I, Chapter IV (tr. J. Elliott)
Original: (la) Qua Galli furtim noctu summa arcis adorti
moenia concubia vigilesque repente cruentant.

„Who kindly sets a wand'rer on his way
Does e'en as if he lit another's lamp by his:
No less shines his, when he his friend's hath lit.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Officiis, Book I, Chapter XVI - translation by Walter Miller
Original: (la) Homo qui erranti comiter monstrat viam,
Quasi lumen de suo lumine accendat facit;
Nihilo minus ipsi lucet, cum illi accenderit.

„As a strong horse that has often won on the last lap at Olympia is now resting, tired out by old age.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in De Senectute, Chapter V (tr. K. Volk)
Original: (la) Sicut fortis equus, spatio qui saepe supremo
Vicit Olympia, nunc senio confectus quiescit.

„Let no one pay me honor with tears, nor celebrate my funeral rites with weeping. Why? I fly, living, through the mouths of men.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Cicero in Tusculanae Disputationes, Book I, chapter XV, section 34
Original: (la) Nemo me lacrumis decoret neque funera fletu
faxit. Cur? volito vivos per ora virum.

„Neither you nor any man alive shall do this unpunished: no, you shall give recompense to me with your life-blood.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Macrobius in Saturnalia; Book VI, Chapter I
Compare: Tu tamen interea calido mihi sanguine poenas persolves amborum, Virgil, Aeneid, Book IX, line 422
Original: (la) Nec pol homo quisquam faciet inpune animatus
hoc nec tu; nam mi calido dabis sanguine poenas.

„And earth who herself bestowed the body takes it back and wastes not a whit.“

—  Ennius

As quoted by Varro in De Lingua Latina, Book V
Original: (la) Terram corpus quae dederit, ipsam
capere neque dispendi facere hilum.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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